Rapid organic matter mineralization coupled to iron cycling in intertidal mud flats of the Han River estuary, Yellow Sea SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 39 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 0 time in Scopus
Title
Rapid organic matter mineralization coupled to iron cycling in intertidal mud flats of the Han River estuary, Yellow Sea
Author(s)
Hyun, Jung-Ho; Mok, Jin-Sook; Cho, Hye-Youn; Kim, Sung-Han; Lee, Kwang Soo; Kostka, Joel E.
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Sung Han(김성한)
Publication Year
2009-02
Abstract
Organic matter oxidation represents a transfer of elements to inorganic nutrients that support biological productivity and food web processes. Therefore, quantification of the controls of organic matter mineralization is crucial to understanding the carbon cycle and biogeochemical dynamics in coastal marine environments. We investigated the rates and pathways of anaerobic carbon (C) oxidation in an unvegetated mud flat (UMF) and a vegetated mud flat (VMF) of the Ganghwa intertidal zone of the macro-tidal Han River estuary, Yellow Sea. Analyses of geochemical constituents revealed relatively oxidized conditions and high reactive Fe(III) concentrations (40-100 mu mol cm(-3)) in the sediments. A pronounced depth stratification in Fe(III) was observed at the VMF site likely due to the lower number of infaunal burrows along with dense root formation by the macrophytes, Suaeda japonica. Depth-integrated rates of anaerobic C mineralization as well as sulfate- and Fe(III) reduction at the VMF were consistently higher than those at the UMF, likely driven by the dense vegetation that supplied organic C substrates and electron acceptors to the rhizosphere. Sediment inventories revealed that solid Fe(III) was up to 17 times more abundant than pore water sulfate, and direct rate measurements showed that microbial Fe(III) reduction comprised an equal or larger percentage of C oxidation (36-66 %) in comparison to sulfate reduction (36-40 %) at both sites studied. Time-course experiments indicated that sulfate reduction rates were likely underestimated, especially in the VMF rhizosphere, due to the reoxidation of reduced S in the presence of high Fe(III). The high rates of C mineralization suggest that the Ganghwa intertidal mud flats are a significant sink against the external loading of organic compounds, and organic matter mineralization is enhanced by chemical exchange regulated by extreme tidal flushing and macro-microorganisms interactions.
ISSN
0168-2563
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4334
DOI
10.1007/s10533-009-9287-y
Bibliographic Citation
BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, v.92, no.3, pp.231 - 245, 2009
Publisher
SPRINGER
Subject
SALT-MARSH SEDIMENTS; SULFATE-REDUCING BACTERIA; SPARTINA-ALTERNIFLORA PRODUCTION; PORE-WATER GEOCHEMISTRY; MARINE SEDIMENT; BENTHIC METABOLISM; CARBON OXIDATION; FRESH-WATER; COMMUNITY STRUCTURE; OXIDIZING BACTERIA
Keywords
Carbon mineralization; Fe(III) reduction; Sulfate reduction; Bioturbation; Suaeda japonica; Rhizosphere; Ganghwa intertidal sediment; Han River estuary
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SPRINGER
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine chemistry,Benthic biogeochemistry,Microbial ecology,해양화학,퇴적물 생지화학,미생물 생태학

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