Rainfall and hydrological controls on speleothem geochemistry during climatic events (droughts and typhoons): An example from Seopdong Cave, Republic of Korea SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 31 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 26 time in Scopus
Title
Rainfall and hydrological controls on speleothem geochemistry during climatic events (droughts and typhoons): An example from Seopdong Cave, Republic of Korea
Author(s)
Jo, Kyoung-nam; Woo, Kyung Sik; Hong, Gi Hoon; Kim, Suk Hyun; Suk, Bong Chul
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Suk Hyun(김석현)
Publication Year
2010-07-01
Abstract
A five year-old, 20 cm-long soda straw (SD-1) was analyzed geochemically to delineate the relationship between the geochemical record and climatic behavior. The growing tip of the soda straw was marked on July 18, 1999, and the sample was collected on July 16, 2004, thus the growth period of this speleothem is well constrained. During the five years the soda straw grew about 20 cm, a mean growth rate of about 4 cm/year. Fast growth rate of this speleothem enabled not only to understand seasonal variations of geochemical data but also to compare these data directly with outside climatic variations near the cave. Pb-210(ex) (excess or unsupported Pb-210) results suggest that the overall pattern of Pb-210(ex) changes as well as the frequency and relative intensity of their peaks show a strikingly similar pattern to that of the amounts of precipitation in the study area. This suggests that Pb-210(ex) was transported into the cave with infiltrating rainwater mostly during rainy summers because Pb-210(ex) is a particle-reactive element. Controlling detailed growth rates by the Pb-210(ex) fluctuations, it can be noticed that 8180 compositions vary very little in spite of significant droughts and typhoon events, whereas delta C-13 values clearly display impacts of a severe drought from 2000 to 2001. The Sr/Ca, Ba/Ca, U/Ca and Mn/Ca ratios coincide with the delta C-13 trends and show anomalies during the drought period. These coeval trends strongly indicate that hydraulic factors in vadose zone that were directly controlled by the amount of rainfall, influenced on the geochemical imprints of the SD-1. This study illustrates the behavior of an atmospheric radionuclide (Pb-210(8)), the O and C stable isotopes and trace elements in calcite speleothems and, furthermore, implies that they can be used to detect short-term climatic behavior, including climatic extreme events, as well as the long-term climatic fluctuations in the past. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0012-821X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4064
DOI
10.1016/j.epsl.2010.04.024
Bibliographic Citation
EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, v.295, no.3-4, pp.441 - 450, 2010
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Subject
EXCESS PB-210; WATER; VARIABILITY; DEPOSITION; CALCITE; RECORDS; VALUES; BE-7; SOIL; AIR
Keywords
speleothem; soda straw; climatic event; drought; East Asian monsoon; Pb-210(ex); stable isotopes; trace elements
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Related Researcher
Research Interests

marine pollution management,marine biogeochemistry,marine environmental radioactivity,해양오염관리,해양물질순환,해양환경방사능

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