3D model of radionuclide dispersion in coastal areas with multifraction cohesive and non-cohesive sediments

Title
3D model of radionuclide dispersion in coastal areas with multifraction cohesive and non-cohesive sediments
Author(s)
Brovchenko; Maderich; 정경태
Publication Year
2015-04-15
Abstract
We developed new radionuclide dispersion model that may be used in coastal areas, rivers and estuaries with non-uniform distribution of suspended and bed sediments both cohesive and non-cohesive types. Model describes radionuclides concentration in dissolved phase in water column, particulated phase on suspended sediments on each sediment class types, bed sediments and pore water. The transfer of activity between the water column and the pore water in the upper layer of the bottom sediment is governed by diffusion processes.The dependence of distribution coefficients is inversely proportional to the sediment particle size. For simulation of 3D circulation, a hydrostatic model SELFE (Roland et. al. 2010) was used. We deal with mixture of cohesive and non-cohesive sediments by implementing parameterizations for erosion and deposition fluxes for cohesive sediments and by implementing flocculation model for determining settling velocity of cohesive flocs. Model of sediment transport was calibrated on measurements in the Yellow Sea. Model of radionuclide dispersion was verified on measurements of 137Cs concentration in surface water and bed sediments after Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident.ation in dissolved phase in water column, particulated phase on suspended sediments on each sediment class types, bed sediments and pore water. The transfer of activity between the water column and the pore water in the upper layer of the bottom sediment is governed by diffusion processes.The dependence of distribution coefficients is inversely proportional to the sediment particle size. For simulation of 3D circulation, a hydrostatic model SELFE (Roland et. al. 2010) was used. We deal with mixture of cohesive and non-cohesive sediments by implementing parameterizations for erosion and deposition fluxes for cohesive sediments and by implementing flocculation model for determining settling velocity of cohesive flocs. Model of sediment transport was calibrated on measurements in the Yellow Sea. Model of radionuclide dispersion was verified on measurements of 137Cs concentration in surface water and bed sediments after Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/25650
Bibliographic Citation
EGU General Assembly 2015, pp.1060, 2015
Publisher
EGU
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
EGU
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