The effect of enhanced nitrate input on the temporal variation of the plankton community in a mesocosm SCOPUS KCI

Title
The effect of enhanced nitrate input on the temporal variation of the plankton community in a mesocosm
Author(s)
Kang, J.-H.; Kim, W.-S.; Shin, K.; Chang, M.; Hwang, K.-C.
KIOST Author(s)
Kang, Jung Hoon(강정훈)Shin, Kyoungsoon(신경순)
Publication Year
2005
Abstract
Temporal variation of the natural planktonic community in the Southern Sea of Korea was investigated by using four floating enclosed bags, (3.2 m deep and 2,500 liter) in order to understand the effect of enriched nitrate on the planktonic community in the spring (March-April) of 2002. Prior to beginning the incubation, the bags were placed in two different concentrations of nitrate, which consisted of control (ambient water) and experimental mesocosms (final concentration of 12,μM). The nitrate concentration in the experimental mesocosms remained significantly higher than those in control mesocosms throughout the study period (ANOVA, p<0.001). Following the addition of nitrate, abundance and chl-a concentration of phytoplankton peaked on Day 1, when diatoms established the peak in the experimental mesocosms. Diatoms consisted mainly of Thalassiosira decipiens, Pseudo-nitzschia pungens, Leptocylindrus danicus, Thalassionema nitzschioides, Chaetoceros pseudocrinitus and Actinoptychus senarius. However, the peak did not lead to the difference in abundance and composition of phytoplankton between control and experimental mesocosms during the study period. The dinoflagellates began to increase soon after the diatoms decreased in all mesocosms. Copepods, as a dominant group in the mesozooplankton community, showed no inimediate peak in relation to the nitrate addition, but only their own developmental process from the eggs to adult stage during the study period. The bottom-up control from enriched nitrate via phytoplankton to adult copepods was not distinguished in terms of the abundance of the planktonic community. This might stem from the relatively low nitrate availability of phytoplankton at no N-limited seawater and the weak coupling between rapidly sunken diatoms and copepods through the water column.
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/5134
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2005.27.3.341
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.27, no.3, pp.341 - 349, 2005
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Subject
community composition; diatom; nitrate; phytoplankton; temporal variation; Actinoptychus senarius; Bacillariophyta; Chaetoceros pseudocrinitus; Copepoda; Dinophyceae; Leptocylindrus danicus; Pseudo-nitzschia pungens; Thalassionema nitzschioides; Thalassiosira decipiens
Keywords
Diatoms; Mesocosm; Mesozooplankton; Nitrate; Phytoplankton
Type
Article
Language
Korean
Document Type
Note
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Biological oceanography,Zooplankton ecology,Introduction and dispersion of foreign species,생물해양학,동물플랑크톤 생리,생태,외래종 유입,확산

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