Cold Water Upwelling Near the Anadyr Strait: Observations and Simulations SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 9 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 9 time in Scopus
Title
Cold Water Upwelling Near the Anadyr Strait: Observations and Simulations
Author(s)
Kawaguchi, Y.; Nishioka, J.; Nishino, S.; Fujio, S.; Lee, K.; Fujiwara, A.; Yanagimoto, D.; Mitsudera, H.; Yasuda, I.
KIOST Author(s)
Lee, Keun Jong(이근종)
Publication Year
2020-09
Abstract
Anadyr Strait, located at the northernmost reaches of the Bering Sea, influences pan-Arctic climate through processes occurring in the strait as the Siberian Coastal Current carries water from the subpolar North Pacific Ocean into the western Arctic Ocean. A sharp sea surface temperature front near the Anadyr Strait segregates a tongue-shaped mass of warm water from areas of cold-water upwelling proximate to the Siberian coast. To clarify dynamical processes in this region, we conducted shipboard observations through and near the Anadyr and Bering straits during the summers of 2017 and 2018. Microstructure measurements show enhanced turbulence near the sea floor as strong throughflow occurs in the narrow straits. Direct observations of ocean currents indicate that the semidiurnal barotropic tide partly contributes to the near-bottom currents driving mixing. Frictional effects accompanying the barotropic current are examined using a three-dimensional regional model. Bottom friction produces a westward Ekman current in the bottom boundary layer, which then causes upwelling of underlying cold water on the western (Siberian) side of the Anadyr Strait. Secondary circulation across the strait is also maintained by the near-surface eastward velocity, which is established by the steep slope of the main thermocline.
ISSN
2169-9275
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/38581
DOI
10.1029/2020JC016238
Bibliographic Citation
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, v.125, no.9, 2020
Publisher
AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Keywords
Anadyr Strait; Arctic Ocean; Bering Sea; Siberian Coastal Current; coastal upwelling; tidal mixing
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
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