가스수화물이 함유된 퇴적층에서 황산염 환원-메탄산화 경계면의 이동양상
- 가스수화물이 함유된 퇴적층에서 황산염 환원-메탄산화 경계면의 이동양상
- Migration patterns of sulfate reduction-methane oxidation interface in hydrate-bearing and free-gas saturated sediments in the Sea of Okhotsk
- 조진형; 정갑식; 김기현; A.Obzhirov; 진영근; H.Shoji
- KIOST Author(s)
- Cho, Jin Hyung(조진형); Jeong, Kap Sik(정갑식)
- Sulfate reduction-methane oxidation interface (SMI) due to anaerobic methane oxidation is an important factor controlling sulfate depletion in the methane hydrate bearing or methane rich sediments. Porewater samples obtained from the two types of sediments (methane hydrate-bearing and free-gas saturated sediments) in the NE Sakhalin slope and Derugin Basin during the 2003 CHAOS expeditions (a joint effort among Japan, Russia, Germany, Belgium and Korea). We measured sulfate and methane concentration and organic matters.Low concentrations of methane (0.001-0.01 ml/l wet sediment) show above subbottom depth of about 2 m. Methane concentrations sharply increase up to 650 ml/l at the deeper depth of 4-6 m, whereas sulfate concentrations in pore waters decrease generally downward from 28.9 mM (near surface) to 0.5 mM (deeper layer). It appears that SMI migrates to upward inside the major gas flare sites, e.g CHAOS Structure (ca. 60 cm below the seafloor), Hieroglyph Structure (200-300 cm below the seafloor) and Kitami Structure (60-170 cm below the seafloor). In the Derugin Basin, where methane concentration is low, the SMI (ca. 300 cm below the seafloor) is deeper than gas seeping area. Consequently, as methane increases explosively, sulfate concentrations decrease sharply, and the depth of the SMI would be affected by both methane supply from the deeper area in the NE Sakhalin slope.
- Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, pp.969 - 973, 2005
- Related Researcher
Marine Geology,Marine Geochemistry,Marine Security and Safety Research,해양지질,해양지화학,해양방위
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