Sulfur and lead isotope compositions of hydrothermal chimneys from the North Fiji Basin: Implications for formation of black and white smokers

Title
Sulfur and lead isotope compositions of hydrothermal chimneys from the North Fiji Basin: Implications for formation of black and white smokers
Author(s)
김종욱; Peter Halbach; 이경용
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Jonguk(김종욱)
Publication Year
2005-11-01
Abstract
Hydrothermal sulfides were recovered from the16°50’S triple junction area in the North Fiji Basin, at a water depth of ca. 1900 m. The chimney samples can be divided into three groups according to their major metal contents: 1) type 1 (Fe-Cu-rich), 2) type 2 (Fe-Cu-rich with minor Zn), and 3) type 3 (Zn-rich) chimneys. Type 1 chimneys are mainly composed of chalcopyrite and pyrite, and are enriched in elements commonly precipitated under high temperature conditions (> 300oC), such as Cu, Co, Mo, and Se. Type 3 chimneys consist dominantly of sphalerite and marcasite with traces of pyrite and chalcopyrite, and are enriched in elements commonly associated with low temperature (150 to 250oC), such as Zn, Cd, Pb, As, and Ga. Type 2 chimneys show mineralogy similar to that of type 1 chimneys but their metal contents range between type 1 and type 3 samples. Trace element compositions of basaltic rocks indicate that magma generation in the triple junction area was influenced by two different sources: N-MORB and E-MORB. Sulfur and lead isotope patterns of the hydrothermal chimneys show distinct differences between the type 1 and type 3 chimneys. For example, type 1 sulfides are depleted in 34S and have lower Pb isotope ratios compared to type 2 and 3 chimneys. The δ34S values (0.4 to 5.6‰) of chimney sulfides are typical range of sulfur isotope composition of sediment free mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal system. Type 2 and 3 sulfides show slightly higher δ34S values than type 1 sulfides, which can be explained by subsurface boiling of hydrothermal fluids followed by mixing of saline solutions with ambient seawater. Lead isotope compositions of the chimneys indicate that the Pb in type 1 and type 3 chimneys originates from hydrothermal leaching of N-MORB and E-MORB volcanic rocks, respectively. Considering that both these chimneys are located in the same area, our model suggests that type 1 chimneys formed by hydrothermal circulation controlled by an intrusion of N-MORB m
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/31255
Bibliographic Citation
35th Underwater Mining Institute, 2005
Publisher
UMI
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
UMI
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Geochemistry,Submarine hydrothermal system,Deep-sea mineral,지구화학,해저열수시스템,해양광물자원

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