대한민국의 생물다양성

Title
대한민국의 생물다양성
Alternative Title
Marine Biodiversity of the Republic of Korea
Author(s)
이윤호; 배세진; 김성; 김성대; 박수영; Jong-Kyu Park; Ho Young Soh; Sung-Min Boo; 이강현
KIOST Author(s)
Lee, Youn Ho(이윤호)Kim, Sung(김성)
Alternative Author(s)
이윤호; 배세진; 김성; 김성대; 박수영; 이강현
Publication Year
2010-10-05
Abstract
Korea is a peninsular in the west Pacific. It has rich marine fauna and flora thanks to diverse habitats and the warm and cold currents. The East Sea is deep down to 4,000m in depth and provides rocky or sandy shores. The south sea has thousands of islands and well-developed wetlands on the shores. The west sea is featured by a few kilometer-wide tidal flats. The warm and cold currents bring subarctic, temperate, and subtropical marine organisms to the Korean waters. In these waters, approximately 9,900 marine species are reported to date. Diatoms (1,835 species), dinoflagellates (328), and ciliates (80) comprise the main groups of phytoplankton. Marine algae include phaeophytes (176), chlorophytes (128), and rhodophytes (566). Marine invertebrates are represented by 5,443 species of which the main groups are mollusks (1,882), crustaceans (1,387), annelids (513), cnidarians (324), poriferans (267), and echinoderms (186). Fish species reaches up to 1,121 in number consisting of 219 families and 613 genera with high diversities in Perciformes (46.5% of Actinopterygii), Scorpaeniformes (13.7%), Tetraodontiformes (6.5%), and Pleuronectiformes (6.3%). It is expected that twenty thousands more species would be found in Korean waters. Information on Korea marine organisms can be found at either KOMBIS, Korea marine biodiversity information system or KOBIS, Korea ocean biogeographic information system.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/28757
Bibliographic Citation
Census of MArine Life 2010, pp.1, 2010
Publisher
Census of MArine Life 2010
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
Census of MArine Life 2010
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