Thermococcus onnurineus NA1의 수소생산에 대한 일산화탄소 물질전달 효과

Title
Thermococcus onnurineus NA1의 수소생산에 대한 일산화탄소 물질전달 효과
Alternative Title
Effect of CO Transfer on Hydrogen Production By Carboxydotrophic Archaeon Thermococcus Onnurineus NA1
Author(s)
나정걸; 정희석; 김태완; 전상구; 김광호; 정수현; 강성균
KIOST Author(s)
Kang, Sung Gyun(강성균)
Publication Year
2014-06-15
Abstract
In recent years biological conversion of syngas or steel mill gas containing carbon monoxide (CO) has been receiving much attention since it offers an exciting opportunity to produce fuels and chemicals from non-food and non-fossil resources. However, there are some obstacles for the commercialization of this process. One major bottleneck is regarding the CO trnasfer since it has the poor aqueous solubility and it is important to design a strategy to enhance gas transfer efficiency. In this study, the effect of CO trnasfer on the performance of syngas fermentation was investigated. Hydrogen production by Thermococcus onnurineus NA1, a carboxydotrophic hyperthermophilic archaeon using a model gas containing 60% of CO was carried out at 80 oC in a stirred tank reactor with Rushton turbine impeller. Reactor performance with various agitation speeds and CO flow rate was evaluated in terms of cell growth and hydrogen productivity. After short lag period depending on agitation speed and CO flow rate, T. onnurineus NA1 actively produced hydrogen with growth-associated kinetics, governed by Luedeking-Piret model. Severe mass transfer was occurred within several hours and hydrogen productivity remained constant. From mass transfer coefficient of CO, determined using the hydrogen productivity in the mass transfer limiting stage, we derived a correlation equation between CO transfer and reaction conditions.s. However, there are some obstacles for the commercialization of this process. One major bottleneck is regarding the CO trnasfer since it has the poor aqueous solubility and it is important to design a strategy to enhance gas transfer efficiency. In this study, the effect of CO trnasfer on the performance of syngas fermentation was investigated. Hydrogen production by Thermococcus onnurineus NA1, a carboxydotrophic hyperthermophilic archaeon using a model gas containing 60% of CO was carried out at 80 oC in a stirred tank reactor with Rushton turbine impeller. Reactor performance with various agitation speeds and CO flow rate was evaluated in terms of cell growth and hydrogen productivity. After short lag period depending on agitation speed and CO flow rate, T. onnurineus NA1 actively produced hydrogen with growth-associated kinetics, governed by Luedeking-Piret model. Severe mass transfer was occurred within several hours and hydrogen productivity remained constant. From mass transfer coefficient of CO, determined using the hydrogen productivity in the mass transfer limiting stage, we derived a correlation equation between CO transfer and reaction conditions.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/26169
Bibliographic Citation
Metabolic Engineering X, 2014, 2014
Publisher
International Metabolic Engineering Society
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
International Metabolic Engineering Society
Related Researcher
Research Interests

marine biotechnology,microbiology,해양생명공학,미생물학

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