M-2 Tidal Current Estimation from One-day Observation Data off the Western and Southern Coasts of Korea SCIE SCOPUS KCI

Cited 2 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 3 time in Scopus
Title
M-2 Tidal Current Estimation from One-day Observation Data off the Western and Southern Coasts of Korea
Author(s)
Lee, Seok; Oh, Kyung-Hee; Jang, Sung-Tae; You, Hak Yoel; Park, Joonsung; Song, Kyu-Min
KIOST Author(s)
Lee, Seok(이석)Oh, Kyung Hee(오경희)Park, Joon Seong(박준성)Song, Kyu Min(송규민)
Publication Year
2019-01
Abstract
A practical method to estimate the M-2 tidal current is proposed based on one-day current observations. In this method, the semi-diurnal constituent, composed of several constituents within the semi-diurnal frequency band that cannot be resolved from one-day observations, is corrected to the M-2 constituent using the amplitude ratio and phase difference between each constituent. The dominant M-2 constituent is accurately estimated from the semi-diurnal constituents. However, this method is not always successful for application to diurnal constituents that are much weaker than the M-2 constituent. The accuracy of the method depends on the signal-to-noise ratio and the time of observation. Observations conducted during the spring tide period are highly recommended to reduce calculation error. This method was applied along the western and southern coasts of Korea, where the semi-diurnal tidal current is the most predominant component of water circulation. In this study, six major constituents (M-2, S-2, N-2, K-2, O-2, and 2N(2)) that are dominant in the semi-diurnal frequency are used for correction of the M-2 tidal current. Correction coefficients for S-2 and N-2 used were the average values from 122 sets of one-month current observations, which have a relatively uniform spatial distribution in the study area. For correction coefficients of K-2, v(2), and 2N(2), we used wellknown constant values determined from the relationships among astronomical forcing factors. The M-2 tidal currents after correction are generally well matched to those calculated with the numerical model. The discrepancy between results is mainly due to the complex bathymetry and coastline in the study area, which cannot be fully resolved with a numerical model. A spatial distribution map of the M-2 tidal current based on observations in this area is presented for the first time. The method proposed in this study can be used for planning efficient observation of tidal currents.
ISSN
1738-5261
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/705
DOI
10.1007/s12601-018-0062-7
Bibliographic Citation
OCEAN SCIENCE JOURNAL, v.54, no.1, pp.39 - 50, 2019
Publisher
KOREA OCEAN RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT INST
Subject
YELLOW
Keywords
M-2 tidal currents; semi-diurnal tidal current; correction method; one-day current observations; western and southern coasts of Korea
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
KOREA OCEAN RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT INST
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