Central Equatorial Pacific benthic foraminifera during the mid-Brunhes dissolution interval: Ballasting of particulate organic matter by biogenic silica and carbonate SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 3 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 4 time in Scopus
Title
Central Equatorial Pacific benthic foraminifera during the mid-Brunhes dissolution interval: Ballasting of particulate organic matter by biogenic silica and carbonate
Author(s)
Takata, Hiroyuki; Kim, Hyung Jeek; Asahi, Hirofumi; Thomas, Ellen; Yoo, Chan Min; Chi, Sang Bum; Khim, Boo-Keun
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Hyung Jeek(김형직)Yoo, Chan Min(유찬민)Chi, Sang Bum(지상범)
Publication Year
2019-04
Abstract
We evaluated the response of Quaternary abyssal benthic foraminifera in cores PC5101 (2 degrees 00.86'N, 131 degrees 34.32'W) and PC5103 (6 degrees 00.10'N, 131 degrees 28.57'W) of the Central Equatorial Pacific Ocean to the environmental changes over the past similar to 520 kyrs, focusing on the mid-Brunhes dissolution interval (similar to 533-191 ka). We used multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) to derive MDS axis 1, reflecting food supply from low (negative scores) to high (positive scores) amounts, and MDS axis 2, reflecting variability in the food supply. From similar to 120 ka on, Epistominella exigua, an indicator of variable food supply, was more abundant in core PC5103 (similar to 6 degrees N) than in core PC5101 (similar to 2 degrees N), but this was reversed from similar to 300 to 250 ka. In core PC5101, MDS axis 1 scores are negatively correlated to the biogenic opal mass accumulation rates (MAR) after 249.6 ka, i.e., lower food supply at higher opal-MAR. In contrast, MDS axis 1 scores are positively correlated to the CaCO3-MAR from 520.8 to 331.2 ka. Both carbonate and opal skeletons might ballast particulate organic matter (POM) to enhance food supply to the benthos, but our data indicate that carbonate is more efficient and that changes in dominant ballasting of POM by different biominerals thus may have significantly affected the biological pump. During the transitional period (similar to 327.5-257.1 ka), ballasting of POM changed from control by calcareous plankton to control by siliceous plankton, with a transient period during which the latitudinal pattern of the Intertropical Convergence Zone was opposite to its modern pattern, with the more variable food supply at similar to 6 degrees N. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0277-3791
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/645
DOI
10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.02.030
Bibliographic Citation
QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, v.210, pp.64 - 79, 2019
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Keywords
Quaternary; Paleoceanography; Equatorial Pacific; Biotic response; Benthic foraminifera
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Related Researcher
Research Interests

deep sea mineral resources,deep sea sediments,심해저 광물자원,심해저 퇴적물,심해 환경

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