Growth and seasonal energetics of the Antarctic bivalve Laternula elliptica from King George Island, Antarctica SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 46 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 48 time in Scopus
Title
Growth and seasonal energetics of the Antarctic bivalve Laternula elliptica from King George Island, Antarctica
Author(s)
Ahn, IY; Surh, J; Park, YG; Kwon, H; Choi, KS; Kang, SH; Choi, HJ; Kim, KW; Chung, H
Publication Year
2003
Abstract
The Antarctic marine environment is characterized by extreme seasonality in primary production, and herbivores must cope with a prolonged winter period of food shortage. In this study, tissue mass and biochemical composition were determined for various tissues of the bivalve Laternula elliptica (King & Broderip) over a 2 yr period, and its storage and use of energy reserves were investigated with respect to seasonal changes in food level and water temperature. Total ash-free dry mass (AFDM) accumulated rapidly following phytoplankton blooms (with peak values immediately before and after spawning) and was depleted considerably during the spawning and winter periods. Most of the variation was in the muscle, gonads and digestive gland. Spawning peaked in January and February and caused considerable protein and lipid losses in the muscle, gonads and digestive gland. In winter (March to August), the muscle and digestive gland lost considerable mass, while gonad mass increased; this suggests that the muscle tissue and digestive gland serve as major energy depots for both maintenance metabolism and gonad development in winter. There were also marked year-to-year differences in the seasonal patterns of mass variation and reproduction. Overall, the relative and absolute tissue-mass values were positively correlated with chlorophyll concentration, and were not related to water temperature; thus, for the first time, this study clearly shows that food is an important factor governing growth and gonad maturation in this bivalve. It is also noteworthy that protein, constituting similar to75% of AFDM, served as the major energy reserve throughout the study, closely following the AFDM variation. In particular, during the winter months, protein comprised >60% of AFDM loss, while lipids and glycogen served as minor (<20% each) reserves. Protein loss was most substantial in the muscle tissue, which comprised half of the body tissue. Thus, protein use, with muscle tissues as a depot for protein reserves, may be a result of selective pressure on Antarctic marine herbivores undergoing a prolonged period of food shortage in winter.
ISSN
0171-8630
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/5599
DOI
10.3354/meps257099
Bibliographic Citation
MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, v.257, pp.99 - 110, 2003
Publisher
INTER-RESEARCH
Subject
CLYDE SEA AREA; BIOCHEMICAL-COMPOSITION; ORGANIC CONSTITUTION; CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION; SUMMER METABOLISM; LIPID-COMPOSITION; MACOMA-BALTHICA; AUSTRAL SUMMER; MYTILUS-EDULIS; SIGNY-ISLAND
Keywords
Antarctic bivalve; Laternula elliptica; growth; energy reserve; biochemical composition; protein; reproduction
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
INTER-RESEARCH
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