Nonlinear tidal characteristics along the Uldolmok waterway off the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula SCOPUS KCI

Title
Nonlinear tidal characteristics along the Uldolmok waterway off the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula
Author(s)
Kang, S.K.; Yum, K.D.; So, J.-K.; Song, W.-O.
KIOST Author(s)
So, Jae Kwi(소재귀)
Publication Year
2003
Abstract
Analyses of tidal observations and a numerical model of the M2 and M4 tides in the Uldolmok waterway located at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula are described. This waterway is well known for its strong tidal flows of up to more than 10 knots at the narrowest part of the channel. Harmonic analysis of the observed water level at five tidal stations reveals dramatic changes in the amplitude and phase of the shallow water constituents at the station near the narrowest part, while survey results show a decreasing trend in local mean sea levels toward the narrow section. It was also observed that the amplitudes of semi-diurnal constituents, M2 and S2 are diminishing toward the narrowest part of the waterway. Two-dimensional numerical modeling shows that the M2 energy flux is dominated by the component coming from the eastern boundary. The M2 energy is inward from both open boundaries and is transported toward the narrow region of the channel, where it is frictionally dissipated or transferred to other constituents due to a strong non-linear advection effect. It is also shown that the M4 generation is strong around the narrow region, and the abrupt decrease in the M4 amplitude in the region is due to a cancellation of the locally generated M4 with the component propagated from open boundaries. The superposition of both propagated and generated M4 contributions also explains the discontinuity of the M4 phase lag in the region. The tide-induced residual sea level change and the regeneration effect of the M2 tide through interaction with M4 are also examined.
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/5585
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2003.25.1.089
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.25, no.1, pp.89 - 106, 2003
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Subject
harmonic analysis; nonlinearity; sea level change; shallow water; tidal channel; tidal current; tidal modeling; Korean Peninsula; South Korea; Uldolmok Waterway
Keywords
M4 generation; Nonlinear tidal phenomena; Numerical modeling; Uldolmok waterway
Type
Article
Language
Korean
Document Type
Article
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Related Researcher
Research Interests

ocean numerical modeling,Ocean circulation modeling,Ocean ecosystem modeling,해양수치모델링,해양순환모델링,해양생태계모델링

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