Distribution and structure of heterotrophic protist communities in the northeast equatorial Pacific Ocean SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 37 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 0 time in Scopus
Title
Distribution and structure of heterotrophic protist communities in the northeast equatorial Pacific Ocean
Author(s)
Yang, EJ; Choi, JK; Hyun, JH
Publication Year
2004-12
Abstract
The distribution and structure of heterotrophic protist communities and size-fractionated chlorophyll a were studied during the Korea Deep Ocean Study 98 (KODOS 98) research expedition ( July 1998) in the northeast equatorial Pacific Ocean ( 5 - 11 degreesN). Areas of convergence and divergence formed at the boundaries of the South Equatorial Current ( SEC), North Equatorial Current (NEC), and North Equatorial Counter Current (NECC) during the expedition. Water column physicochemical characteristics significantly influenced the size structure of heterotrophic protist communities. Intense vertical mixing and high nutrient and chlorophyll a concentrations characterized SEC and NECC areas, which were affected by converging and diverging water masses, respectively. Nanophytoplankton dominated in SEC and NECC areas; both areas also had relatively high heterotrophic protist biomasses ( average 743 mug C m(-2)). NEC areas were characterized by a stratified vertical structure, low nutrient and chlorophyll a concentrations, and picophytoplankton dominance. The heterotrophic protist biomass in NEC areas averaged 414 mug C m(-2); nanoprotists (< 20 mu m) dominated the community. The nanoprotist biomass comprised 49-54% of the total heterotrophic protist biomass in SEC/ NECC areas and 67 - 72% in NEC areas. The biomass of heterotrophic protists was higher in SEC/ NECC areas than in NEC areas, but the relative importance of nanoprotists was greater in NEC areas than in SEC/ NECC areas. Heterotrophic dinoflagellates were dominant components of the < 20 mum and > 20 mum size classes in both water columns. The biomass of heterotrophic protists significantly correlated with the net-, nano-, and picophytoplankton biomass in SEC/NECC areas and with the nano- and picophytoplankton biomass in NEC areas. Heterotrophic protists and phytoplankton also showed strong positive correlation in the study area. The size structure of the phytoplankton biomass coincided with that of heterotrophic protists; the heterotrophic protist biomass positively correlated with the protists' prey source. These relationships suggest that the community structure of heterotrophic protists and the microbial food web depended on size classes within the phytoplankton biomass. Microzooplankton grazing and phytoplankton growth rates were higher in SEC/NECC areas than in NEC areas. In contrast, the potential primary production grazed by microzooplankton was relatively high in NEC areas (127.3%) compared with SEC/NECC areas (94.6%). Our results indicate that the relative importance and size structure of heterotrophic protists might vary according to two distinct water column structures.
ISSN
0025-3162
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/5188
DOI
10.1007/s00227-004-1412-9
Bibliographic Citation
MARINE BIOLOGY, v.146, no.1, pp.1 - 15, 2004
Publisher
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Subject
EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC; POTENTIAL GRAZING IMPACT; MICROBIAL FOOD-WEB; SUBTROPICAL CONVERGENCE; PHYTOPLANKTON GROWTH; ARABIAN SEA; EL-NINO; BACTERIAL PRODUCTION; SPATIAL-DISTRIBUTION; PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
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