Polarity reversal of active plate boundary and elevated oceanic upper mantle beneath the collision suture in central eastern Taiwan SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 22 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 23 time in Scopus
Title
Polarity reversal of active plate boundary and elevated oceanic upper mantle beneath the collision suture in central eastern Taiwan
Author(s)
Kim, K. H.; Chiu, J. M.; Pujol, J.; Chen, K. -C.
Publication Year
2006-06
Abstract
The active collision between the Eurasia and Philippine Sea plates in eastern Taiwan has been explored from the recently determined 3D velocity images and relocated hypocenters. A north-northeast-south-southwest-trending high-velocity zone corresponding to the oceanic upper mantle is narrowly defined underneath the collision suture from Hualien to Taitung. This elevated and hot oceanic upper mantle must have played an important role in the tectonic evolution/mountain-building process of the adjacent continental crust. A northwest-dipping seismic zone can be identified in the northern collision zone extending from the surface to similar to 30 km depth, which can be correlated with the northern Longitudinal Valley Fault (LVF). This zone marks a transitional plate boundary separating the high V-P and high V-P/ Vs oceanic crust to the east and the high V-P and V-S upper crust and low V-P and low V-P/V-S mid-to-lower continental crust to the west. A significant amount of plate convergence along the suture has been accommodated by the high-angle thrusting along the northern LVF. In contrast, a southeast-dipping seismic zone can be identified extending from the surface to similar to 25 km depth near Taitung in the southern collision zone. This zone coincides with a region of high V-P and high V-P/V-S, suggesting that earthquakes occurred within a highly fractured or fluid-rich zone. The reverse polarity of active-plate boundary faults marks two distinguished transition boundaries, one from eastward subduction in southern Taiwan to east-west collision in the southern collision zone corresponding to the early phase of plate collision, and the other from east-west collision to northwest subduction in the northern collision zone corresponding to the advanced phase of plate collision. The central collision zone is creeping and aseismic, which can be attributed to the high heat flow and geothermal activity during an interseismic period since the 1951 Taitung earthquake.
ISSN
0037-1106
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4880
DOI
10.1785/0120050106
Bibliographic Citation
BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, v.96, no.3, pp.796 - 806, 2006
Publisher
SEISMOLOGICAL SOC AMER
Subject
WAVE VELOCITY STRUCTURE; 3-DIMENSIONAL P; MODELS; AREA; ALGORITHM; FAULT
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SEISMOLOGICAL SOC AMER
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