Distribution of net community production and surface pCO(2) in the Scotia Sea, Antarctica, during austral spring 2001' SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 12 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 12 time in Scopus
Title
Distribution of net community production and surface pCO(2) in the Scotia Sea, Antarctica, during austral spring 2001'
Author(s)
Shim, J; Kang, YC; Kim, D; Choi, SH
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Dongseon(김동선)Choi, Sang-Hwa(최상화)
Publication Year
2006-09
Abstract
Surface and water column measurements of pCO(2), alkalinity, and nutrients were made in the Scotia Sea in December 2001. From 54 degrees S to 60 degrees S along 52 degrees W, pCO(2), TCO2, and nutrients in surface seawater increased southward. The pCO(2) concentration ranged from 370 mu atm in the north to 420 mu atm in the south and increased abruptly across the Polar and Scotia fronts by about 10-20 mu atm. Net community production values from the preceding winter to the observation time were calculated at stations south of the Polar Front; values ranged from 1.0 to 1.2 mol m(-2) and were comparable to other Southern Ocean measurements in summer, in or during an algal bloom. Processes affecting the surface pCO(2) distribution (e.g., thermodynamical change, air-sea exchange, biological production, and physical mixing) were evaluated from the preceding winter to the observation time at the stations. Seasonal warming increased surface pCO(2) at rates of 0.08-0.27 mu atm day(-1); the highest values were observed at the station closest to the Polar Front. The air-sea exchange decreased surface pCO(2) at rates of -0.08 to -0.23 mu atm day, suggesting that the area around the study stations acted as a weak CO2 source during the study period. The surface pCO(2) variation caused by biological production was -0.24 to -0.30 gatm day(-1) and was high south of the Scotia Front, where concentrations of chlorophyll a, biomass, and particulate Fe were relatively high. Physical mixing promoted an increase of 0.16-0.47 mu atm day(-1) in surface pCO(2), a substantial contribution to total variation in pCO(2). This result contrasts with patterns in other Southern Ocean regions, where physical mixing was considered to be minimal or was ignored in previous studies. At station WS 8 in the Weddell-Scotia Confluence region, mixing was the dominant process of surface pCO(2) change during the study period, suggesting lateral and vertical transport of CO2-rich water masses from the Weddell Sea and the deep ocean. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0304-4203
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4840
DOI
10.1016/j.marchem.2005.12.007
Bibliographic Citation
MARINE CHEMISTRY, v.101, no.1-2, pp.68 - 84, 2006
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Keywords
net community production; CO2 flux; carbon cycle; Scotia Sea; Weddell-Scotia Confluence; Antarctica
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Chemical oceanography,Ocean carbon cycle,화학해양학,해양탄소순환

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