Short-term variations in community structure of phytoplankton and heterotrophic protozoa during the early fall phytoplankton blooms in the coastal water off Incheon, Korea SCOPUS KCI

Title
Short-term variations in community structure of phytoplankton and heterotrophic protozoa during the early fall phytoplankton blooms in the coastal water off Incheon, Korea
Author(s)
Yang, E.J.; Choi, J.K.
Publication Year
2007
Abstract
In order to examine the short-term variations of phytoplankton and heterotrophic protozoa community structures with bloom events, water samples were collected every other day at one site in the coastal water off Incheon, Korea, from August 15-September 30, 2001. Chlorophyll-a concentrations varied widely from 1.8 to 19.3 μg l-1 with the appearances of two major peaks of chlorophyll-a concentration during the study period. Size-fractionated chlorophyll-a concentration showed that net-size fraction (>20 μm) comprised over 80% of total chlorophyll-a during the first and second bloom periods, nano-size fraction (3-20 μm) comprised average 42% during the pre- (before the first bloom) and post-bloom periods (after the second bloom), and pico- size fraction (<3 μm) comprised over 50% during inter-bloom periods (i.e. between the first and second bloom periods). Dominant phytoplankton community was shifted from autotrophic nanoflagellates to diatom, diatom to picophytoplankton, picophytoplankton to diatom, and then diatom to autotrophic nanoflagellates, during the pre-, the first, the inter, the second, and the post-bloom periods, respectively. During the blooms, Chaetoceros pseudocrinitus and Eucampia zodiacus were dominant diatom species composed with more than 50% of total diatom. Carbon biomass of heterotrophic protozoa ranged from 8.2 to 117.8 μgC l-1 and showed the highest biomass soon after the peak of the first and second blooms. The relative contribution of each group of the heterotrophic protozoa showed differences between the bloom period and other periods. Ciliates and HDF were dominant during the first and second bloom periods, with a contribution of more than 80% of the heterotrophic protozoan carbon biomass. Especially, different species of HDF, thecate and athecate HDF, were dominant during the first and the second bloom periods, respectively. Interestingly, Noctiluca scintillans appeared to be one of the key organisms to extinguish the first bloom. Therefore, our study suggests that heterotrophic protozoa could be a key player to control the phytoplankton community structure and biomass during the study period.
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4753
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2007.29.2.101
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.29, no.2, pp.101 - 112, 2007
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Subject
algal bloom; biomass; coastal water; community structure; diatom; heterotrophy; phytoplankton; protozoan; algae; Bacillariophyta; Chaetoceros pseudocrinitus; Ciliophora; Eucampia zodiacus; Noctiluca scintillans; Protozoa
Keywords
Diatom; Heterotrophic protozoa; Phytoplankton bloom; Short-term variation
Type
Article
Language
Korean
Document Type
Article
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
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