Anomalous Pn waves observed in eastern Taiwan: Implications of a thin crust and elevated oceanic upper mantle beneath the active collision-zone suture SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 12 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 12 time in Scopus
Title
Anomalous Pn waves observed in eastern Taiwan: Implications of a thin crust and elevated oceanic upper mantle beneath the active collision-zone suture
Author(s)
Liang, Wen-Tzong; Chiu, Jer-Ming; Kim, Kwanghee
Publication Year
2007-08
Abstract
Normal Pn waves are commonly observed in Taiwan from shallow regional earthquakes at epicentral distances larger than 120 km, similar to the observations in many other continental regions. However, the critical distances to observe Pn waves for shallow eastern Taiwan earthquakes vary with azimuth corresponding to a significant variation of crustal thickness. In particular, anomalous Pn waves are commonly observed for shallow eastern Taiwan earthquakes recorded on seismic stations at epicentral distances as small as 60 km along the collision zone suture, the Longitudinal Valley. For the same event, normal Pn waves are observed at other seismic stations elsewhere on the island. The apparent velocity of the anomalous and normal Pn waves from the same event is 7.8 +/- 0.15 km/sec, which is consistent with the average Pn velocity in the Taiwan area. Thus, the unusually short critical distance for Pn waves in eastern Taiwan suggests that the crust beneath the collision zone suture must be very thin and the upper mantle beneath the Longitudinal Valley must be relatively elevated compared with that beneath the other parts of Taiwan. Assuming a simple 1 D layered velocity model, the Moho depth beneath the suture zone can thus be estimated at similar to 23 +/- 2 km. This observation is consistent with the recent report from a high-resolution 3D tomographic inversion that a narrowly confined, anomalously elevated, and north-northeast-south-southwest elongated oceanic upper mantle was imaged beneath the Longitudinal Valley from Hualien in the north to Taitung in the south (Kim et al., 2005, 2006). Furthermore, the preceding observations may also support the interpretation that the conduction of excess heat supply from the elevated hot oceanic upper mantle into the adjacent mid-to-lower continental crust over a long period of geological time may play an important role in the crustal deformation beneath the continent, including metamorphism, thickening, and uplifting.
ISSN
0037-1106
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4664
DOI
10.1785/0120060226
Bibliographic Citation
BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, v.97, no.4, pp.1370 - 1377, 2007
Publisher
SEISMOLOGICAL SOC AMER
Subject
WESTERN PHILIPPINE SEA; REGIONAL EARTHQUAKES; VELOCITY; PLATE; SUBDUCTION
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SEISMOLOGICAL SOC AMER
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