Seasonal and spatial variations of nutrient fluxes in the intertidal flat of Keunso Bay, the Yellow Sea SCOPUS KCI

Title
Seasonal and spatial variations of nutrient fluxes in the intertidal flat of Keunso Bay, the Yellow Sea
Author(s)
Kim, K.H.; Kim, D.
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Dongseon(김동선)
Publication Year
2008
Abstract
In order to investigate the effects of intertidal sediments on the nutrient cycle in coastal environments, the benthic fluxes of ammonium, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate, and silicate at two stations on the intertidal flat of Keunso Bay were determined during each season. The efflux of ammonium was observed at S1 and resulted from the diffusion of remineralized ammonium and acceleration caused by the bioirrigation of macrofauna. The influx of ammonium at S2 was probably due to nitrification in the water column. The influx of nitrate was observed at both stations during all seasons, indicating that the nitrate in the pore water was removed by denitrification. Vigorous bioirrigation led to the efflux of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) at S1, whereas the influx of DIN at S2 was predominantly caused by denitrification. Contrary to the diffusive and bio-irrigated release of remineralized phosphate from the sediment at S1, the influx of phosphate was observed at S2, which may be attributable to adsorption onto iron oxides in the aerobic sediment layer. Silicate, which is produced by the dissolution of siliceous material, was mostly released from the sediment by molecular diffusion and bioirrigation. However, the influx of silicate was observed at S2 during spring and winter, which was ascribed to adsorption by particulate matter or assimilation by benthic microphytes. The annual fluxes of DIN were 328 mmol m-2 yr-1 at S1 and -435 mmol m-2 yr-1 at S2. The annual fluxes of phosphate were negative at both sites (-2.8 mmol m-2 yr-1 at S1 and -28.9 mmol m-2 yr-1 at S2), whereas the annual fluxes of silicate were positive at both sites (843 mmol m-2 yr-1 at S1 and 243 mmol m-2 yr-1 at S2).
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4558
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2008.30.3.225
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.30, no.3, pp.225 - 238, 2008
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Subject
ammonium; denitrification; dissolved inorganic matter; intertidal environment; nitrification; nutrient cycling; seasonal variation; sediment-water interface; spatial variation; Pacific Ocean; Yellow Sea
Keywords
Intertidal flat; Keunso Bay; Nutrient flux; Sediment-water interface
Type
Article
Language
Korean
Document Type
Article
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Biogeochemistry,Carbon cycle,Ocean acidification,생지화학,탄소순환,해양산성화

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

qrcode

Items in ScienceWatch@KIOST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse