Pathology Survey of the Manila Clam Ruditapes philippinarum from Hwangdo Tidal Flat in Cheonsu Bay on the West Coast of Korea SCOPUS KCI

Title
Pathology Survey of the Manila Clam Ruditapes philippinarum from Hwangdo Tidal Flat in Cheonsu Bay on the West Coast of Korea
Alternative Title
Pathology Survey of the Manila Clam Ruditapes philippinarum from Hwangdo Tidal Flat in Cheonsu Bay on the West Coast of Korea
Author(s)
Yang, Hyun Sung; Cho, Young Ghan; Shin, Jong Seop; Park, Heung Sik; Choi, Kwang Sik
KIOST Author(s)
Yang, Hyun Sung(양현성)Park, Heung Sik(박흥식)
Alternative Author(s)
양현성; 박흥식
Publication Year
2021-12
Abstract
Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum is present at high rates of density in tidal flats in Cheonsu Bay on the west coast of Korea, where clams often exhibit mass mortalities in late summer. We monitored the pathologic condition of clams at Hwangdo tidal flat (HD) to understand the parasitic impacts on clam fitness. Manila clams were fully ripe in July and spawned during August and September, as the histology indicated. The histology revealed that clams in HD tidal flats were heavily infected by the protozoa parasite Perkinsus olseni, as the monthly prevalence ranged from 53% (September) to 93% (August). In addition, Manila clams were co-infected by the metazoan parasite Cercaria tapetis and Parvatrema duboisi with the prevalence of 0-33% and 0-14%, respectively. Massive hemocyte infiltration and subsequent inflammation were commonly observed from the gills of P. olseni infected clams. Clusters of P. olseni trophozoites and heavy hemocyte infiltration were also observed from the female gonad, suggesting that P. olseni interferes with host gonad maturation. The larval trematode occupied almost the entire host gonad, resulting in gonad castration. In addition, Metacercaria of P. duboisi were observed from the subsurface of the mantle. Ray’s fluid thioglycollate medium assay (RFTM) indicated that clams collected in August and September contained approximately 4.0x106 P. olseni cells/g gills. Condition Index (CI) declined gradually from spring to early summer, and the decline in CI was interpreted as a consequence of the heavy parasitism, as the parasites drain the host’s net energy to be used in somatic growth and gamete production.
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/41981
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2021.43.4.365
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.43, no.4, pp.365 - 370, 2021
Publisher
한국해양과학기술원
Keywords
parasitism; Ruditaptes philippinarum; Perkinsus olseni; Cercaria tapetis; Parvatrema duboisi; condition index
Type
Article
Language
English
Publisher
한국해양과학기술원
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