A close relationship between microplastic contamination and coastal area use pattern
- A close relationship between microplastic contamination and coastal area use pattern
- Jang, Mi; Shim, Won Joon; Cho, You Na; Han, Gi Myung; Song, Young Kyoung; Hong, Sang Hee
- KIOST Author(s)
- Jang, Mi(장미); Shim, Won Joon(심원준); Cho, You Na(조유나); Han, Gi Myung(한기명); Hong, Sang Hee(홍상희)
- 장미; 심원준; 조유나; 한기명; 송영경; 홍상희
- Human activity is thought to affect the abundance and contamination characteristics of microplastics (MPs) in the environment, which may in turn affect aquatic species. However, few studies have examined the impact of coastal area use pattern on characteristics of MPs in coastal regions� In this study, we investigated MP contamination of abiotic matrices (seawater and sediment) and biotic matrices (bivalves and polychaetes) in three coastal regions characterized by different types of human activity, covering urban, aquafarm, and rural areas. MP abundance was higher in sediment from the urban site than in that from the rural site, but similar to that from the aquafarm site. In the abiotic matrices, different MP polymer compositions were observed among the three sites. Diverse polymers were found in marine matrices from the urban site, implying diverse MP sources in highly populated and industrialized areas. Polystyrene was more abundant in the aquafarm site, reflecting the wide use of expanded polystyrene aquaculture buoys� Polypropylene was more abundant at the rural site, probably due to the use of polypropylene ropes and nets in fishing activity. MP accumulation profiles in marine invertebrates showed trends similar to those exhibited by abiotic matrices, reflecting coastal area use patterns. These results indicate that marine MPs are generated from both land- and marine-based sources, and that the abiotic and biotic marine matrices reflect the MP characteristics.
- PICES-2021 Virtual Annual Meeting, pp.73, 2021
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