Initial recolonization of benthic fauna in defaunated sediment contaminated with octylphenol: Field microcosm exposure study
- Initial recolonization of benthic fauna in defaunated sediment contaminated with octylphenol: Field microcosm exposure study
- Ryu, J.; Kim, C.K.; Khim, J.S.; Park, K.-H.; Lee, C.-H.; Lee, J.-H.; Moon, S.-D.; Lee, J.-S.; Shim, W.J.; Lim, U.-H.; Hong, S.H.; Song, S.J.; Lee, K.-T.
- KIOST Author(s)
- Shim, Won Joon(심원준); Yim, Un Hyuk(임운혁); Hong, Sang Hee(홍상희)
- Recolonization of benthic fauna in defaunated sediment contaminated with octylphenol (OP) has been investigated by the use ofin situ microcosm exposure study. Trays with defaunated sediment (control) and those treated with five OP concentrations (0. 59, 5. 4, 7. 6, 66, and 660 μg g-1, sediment dry weight (DW)) were exposed at the subtidal (ca. 10 m), in the southern coast of Korea, over two months. The initial response (after one-month exposure) of macrozoobenthos at the trays of control and three lower OP (0. 59-7. 6 μg g-1 DW) showed rapid colonization of macrozoobenthos with high diversity and abundance. However, the species number sharply decreased after two-month exposure, particularly at the tray of greatest OP (660 μg g-1 DW) treated with species number from 15 (after 30-days) to 3 (after 70-days). Other univariate indices such as abundance and biomass of benthic macrofauna also showed concentration-and time-dependent declines, indicating a potential adverse effect of OP on benthic community recolonization. Further, the multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) analysis that clearly separated two distinct faunal groups of macrobenthos during exposure supported the concentration-dependant recolonization followed by succession at the OP concentration of >7. 6 μg g-1 DW. Similar to macrofauna, the meiofaunal abundance significantly decreased at the OP concentration of >7. 6 μg g-1 DW, indicating certain threshold of OP between 7. 6-66 μg g-1 DW that caused adverse effect on benthic community recolonization. Although the critical adverse OP concentration found in community level was relatively high compared to the environmental concentrations (ppb levels) reported in coastal sediments, it should be pointed out that certain species could be influenced by the exposure of lower OP concentrations. © 2010 The Korean Society of Environmental Risk Assessment and Health Science and Springer.
- Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences, v.2, no.2, pp.132 - 140, 2010
- Defaunated sediment; Macrozoobenthos; Microcosm; Octylphenol; Recolonization
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