Effects of temperature and stocking density on the ammonia excretion rate of red seabream, pagrus major
- Effects of temperature and stocking density on the ammonia excretion rate of red seabream, pagrus major
- Harwanto, D.; Oh, S.-Y.; Kim, C.-K.; Gultom, V.D.N.; Jo, J.-Y.
- KIOST Author(s)
- Oh, Sung Yong(오승용)
- An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of temperature and stocking density on daily patterns and rates of total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) excretion in juvenile red seabream Pagrus major (mean body weight: 29.0 g) under fasting and feeding conditions. Fish were acclimated over 7 days under four different temperatures (10, 15, 20, and 25°C) and at two different densities (5.5 and 11.0 kg m-3). Each treatment had three replicates and a total of 216 fish were used. After 72 hours starvation, endogenous TAN excretion was measured for each temperature and density. To investigate exogenous TAN excretion, fish were handfed a commercial diet containing 51.6% crude protein twice a day for 7 days, at 08:00 and 16:00. Water was sampled from both inlets and outlets of chambers every 2 hours over a 24 hour period. Both endogenous and exogenous TAN excretion increased with increases in temperature and density (P<0.05). Mean daily endogenous TAN excretion rates at 10, 15, 20, and 25°C were 88.8, 101.1, 125.0, and 143.3 mg TAN kg-1 d-1 at low density, and 105.2, 119.2, 141.5, and 168.8 mg TAN kg-1 d-1 at high density, respectively. Mean daily exogenous TAN excretion rates at 10, 15, 20, and 25oC were 343.5, 403.7, 535.7, and 601.7 mg TAN kg-1 d-1 at low density, and 391.9, 479.7, 611.9, and 683.4 mg TAN kg-1 d-1 at high density, respectively. The exogenous TAN excretion rate peaked 10~12 hours after the first feeding under all temperatures and densities. The TAN loss for ingested nitrogen increased with increases in temperature and density (P<0.05), ranging from 27.9 to 50.1% at low density and 31.7 to 56.9% at high density. This study provides empirical data for estimating ammonia excretion and managing the culture of red seabream under the given temperatures and densities.
- Ocean and Polar Research, v.32, no.1, pp.63 - 71, 2010
- acclimation; ammonia; excretion; nitrogen; perciform; stocking density; temperature effect; Pagrus major
- Ammonia excretion; Pagrus major; Red seabream; Stocking density; Temperature
- Related Researcher
Fish aquaculture,Aquacultural engineering,Environmental physiology,어류 양식,양식 공학,환경생리학
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