Environmental significance of lubricant oil: A systematic study of photooxidation and its consequences SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 2 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 2 time in Scopus
Title
Environmental significance of lubricant oil: A systematic study of photooxidation and its consequences
Author(s)
RAVI; Jung, Jee-Hyun; Loh, Andrew; An, Joon Geon; Ha, Sung Yong; Yim, Un Hyuk
KIOST Author(s)
Jung, Jee Hyun(정지현)Loh, Andrew(Loh, Andrew)An, Joon Geon(안준건)Ha, Sung Yong(하성용)Yim, Un Hyuk(임운혁)
Publication Year
2020-01-01
Abstract
Lubricant (lube) oil discharge from ships has been widely considered as normal "operational consumption", but is now deemed to be oil pollution. Despite the chronic contamination of the marine environment by lube oil, the number of studies related to its environmental impact, characteristics, and toxicity is limited. This study is the first attempt to investigate the environmental fate of lube oil subjected to photooxidation using in situ mesocosms. A tiered approach using thin-layer chromatography-flame ionization detection (TLC-FID), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) demonstrated compositional changes in lube oil and the water-soluble fraction (WSF). Total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (Sigma PAHs) in lube oil after 96 h of photooxidation were measured at 79.8 and 41 mu g/g in the control (Con) and exposure (Exp) groups, respectively. Meanwhile, the Sigma PAHs concentration in WSF after 96 h was very low, at 0.25 and 0.45 mu g/L in Con and Exp, respectively. FTIR and GC-MS helped identify bond changes and photoproducts in WSF. A wide range of photoproducts, including carboxylic acids, esters, anhydrides, aldehydes and ketones, were identified in WSF. Toxic effects of WSF in both the Con and Exp groups obtained after 96 h of photooxidation were evaluated on olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) embryos. Morphological defects, especially tail fin fold defects, were found to be significantly elevated in both the Con and Exp groups, with marginally higher frequency in Exp. The results of this study demonstrate the need for further research on lube oil weathering, including monitoring over prolonged periods of time. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0043-1354
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/413
DOI
10.1016/j.watres.2019.115183
Bibliographic Citation
WATER RESEARCH, v.168, 2020
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Subject
CRUDE-OIL; WEATHERING CHARACTERISTICS; CHEMICAL-CHARACTERIZATION; PHOTOCHEMICAL OXIDATION; IDENTIFICATION; HYDROCARBONS; PHOTODEGRADATION; DEGRADATION; TOXICITY; PRODUCTS
Keywords
Lubricant; Photooxidation; Photoproducts; Mesocosm
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics,Persistent Organic Pollutants,Marine Aerosol,유류오염 환경법과학,지속성유기오염물질,해양 에어로졸

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