Parametric Study of the Wetting Transition of a Moving Meniscus

Title
Parametric Study of the Wetting Transition of a Moving Meniscus
Author(s)
김지훈; 고진환; 김흥찬; 이화준
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Heungchan(김흥찬)Lee, Hwajun(이화준)
Publication Year
2019-11-25
Abstract
In this study, we investigated the wetting transition of a moving meniscus in a grooved microchannel through a detailed parametric study based on measurement by an optical tool and micro-particle image velocimetry to avoid the transition in designing the microchannel. The parameters investigated were pitch, flow rate, and height of a microchannel. The contact angle, contact speed, and interfacial pressure difference were analyzed according to the parameters. We found that the pitch is most effective, the flow rate is moderately effective, and the height is least effective on that. The height even does not affect the contact angle because the solid-fluid interaction at the groove edge is stronger than the fluid-air interaction. As the critical correlation, the contact angle, which is dependent on the pitch and the flow rate, and the height affect the air pressure between the grooves, which governs the air penetration flux and mainly determines the wetting transition. Therefore, a powerful way to delay the wetting transition is to reduce the degree of air pressure variation, specifically with a low pitch and a tall height with a low flow rate. Eventually, understanding dominant input parameters in relation to the wetting transition will be very useful in the design stage of microfluidic applications.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/40636
Bibliographic Citation
The 72nd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics, pp.1, 2019
Publisher
The American Physical Society
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
The American Physical Society
Related Researcher
Research Interests

ROV Research,ROV Field Test,ROV 연구,ROV 실해역 시험

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