Exoskeletal Components Increase the Mechanical Properties and Thermal Stability of Crabs Living in the Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent

Title
Exoskeletal Components Increase the Mechanical Properties and Thermal Stability of Crabs Living in the Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent
Author(s)
Cho, Bungho; Kim, Dongsung; Kim, Teawon
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Dong Sung(김동성)
Publication Year
2020-11-05
Abstract
Hydrothermal vents are mainly located at the divergent boundary of deep sea floors. In this area, the temperature fluctuation is very extreme ranging from approximately 0℃ to 400℃. In order to explore the exoskeleton characteristics of crabs (Austinograea rodriguezensis) that made it possible to adapt to severe environments in the Indian Ocean hydrothermal vent, we conducted a comparative analysis with the Asian paddle crab (Charybdis japonica) living in coastal areas of South Korea. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive x-ray (EDX), Raman spectrometer, nanoindenter, and thermal gravimetric-differential thermal analyzer (TG-DTA) were used for analyzing the structure, surface components, the compound of components, mechanical properties, and thermal stability, respectively. As a result of structure analysis, the main structures (e.g. multilayer, granule, and Bouligand structures) were similar in both species. However, in the analysis of the components, there were significant differences in the ratio of compound and distribution of elements. Especially, the proportion of aluminum element and organic matter constitute the epicuticle of exoskeleton were higher in the hydrothermal vent crab than in the paddle crab. These might have improved the mechanical properties and thermal stability of hydrothermal species, which are higher than those of the coastal species.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/40616
Bibliographic Citation
The Western Society of Naturalists 101st Meeting Program, 2020
Publisher
Western Society of Naturalists
Type
Conference
Publisher
Western Society of Naturalists
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