Latitudinal variation of nutritional condition and diet for copepod species, Euchaeta sp. and Pleuromamma spp. from the Northwest Pacific Ocean using lipid biomarkers SCOPUS KCI

Title
Latitudinal variation of nutritional condition and diet for copepod species, Euchaeta sp. and Pleuromamma spp. from the Northwest Pacific Ocean using lipid biomarkers
Author(s)
Ju, S.-J.; Ko, A.-R.; Lee, C.-R.
Publication Year
2011
Abstract
In order to ascertain latitudinal variation of lipid contents and compositions in copepods, we collected warm water copepod species (Euchaeta sp. and Pleuromamma spp.) from four different regions from low (sub-tropical) to mid (temperate) latitudes in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Total lipid contents of Pleuromamma spp. were about 11 ug·ind -1 with little latitudinal variation, whereas Euchaeta sp. showed slightly higher lipid content (20 ug·ind -1) than Pleuromamma spp. with latitudinal gradient (low at subtropic and high at temperate). Wax esters, known as the major storage lipid classes, were found to be the dominant lipid classes (accounting for more than 35% of total lipids) in Euchaeta sp., whereas in Pleuromamma spp., phospholipids, known as cellular membrane components, were the dominant lipid classes. However, the exception was specimens from warm pool region exhibiting dominance in storage of lipids as a form of triacylglycerols. Among fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA: 22:6(n-3)) (about 35% of total fatty acids), were most abundant in Euchaeta sp., while saturated fatty acids (SAFA), specially hexadecanoic acid (16:0) (about 30% of total fatty acids), were most abundant in Pleuromamma spp. Among the neutral fraction of lipids, phytol, originated from the side chain of chlorophyll, was found in all samples which generally indicate active copepods feeding on algae. While only trace amounts of short-chain fatty alcohols were found in Pleuromamma spp., significant amounts of fatty alcohols were found in Euchaeta sp. Particularly, significant amounts of long chain monounsaturated fatty alcohols (20:1 and 22:1), generally found in cold water species, were found in Euchaeta sp. from low latitudes. The latitudinal variation of trophic lipid markers in these copepods could be significantly related with in-situ food availability and species-specific diet preference. The result of this study suggests that the lipid contents and compositions in copepods may not only indicate their nutritional condition and feeding ecology but also provide insight into species-specific living strategies under different environmental conditions (i.e. water temperature, food availability).
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3960
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2011.33.3.349
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.33, no.3, pp.349 - 358, 2011
Subject
alcohol; autecology; biomarker; crustacean; diet; environmental factor; fatty acid; feeding ecology; latitudinal gradient; lipid; nutrient availability; nutrient dynamics; trophic conditions; warm pool; Pacific Ocean; Pacific Ocean (Northwest); algae; Copepoda; Euchaeta; Pleuromamma
Keywords
Copepods; Diet; Feeding type; Latitudinal variation; Lipid biomarkers; Northwest Pacific; Nutritional condition
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
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