Experimental restoration of a salt marsh with some comments on ecological restoration of coastal vegetated ecosystems in Korea
- Experimental restoration of a salt marsh with some comments on ecological restoration of coastal vegetated ecosystems in Korea
- Koo, B.J.; Je, J.G.; Woo, H.J.
- KIOST Author(s)
- Koo, Bon Joo(구본주); Woo, Han Jun(우한준)
- Since the 1980s, the coastal wetlands in Korea have been rapidly degraded and destroyed mainly due to reclamation and landfills for coastal development. In order to recover damaged coastal environments and to develop wetland restoration technologies, a 4-year study on ecological the restoration of coastal vegetated ecosystems was started in 1998. As one of a series of studies, a small-scale experiment on salt marsh restoration was carried out from April 2000 to August 2001. The experiment was designed to find effective means of ecological restoration through a comparison of the changes in environmental components and species structure between two different experimental plots created using sediment fences, one with and one without small canals. Temporal variation in surface elevation, sedimentary facies, and benthic species were measured seasonally in each plot and in the adjacent natural reference sites. Monthly exposure occurred from 330 cm to mean sea level, which represents the critical tidal level (CTL) at which salt marsh plants colonize. Vegetation, especially Suaeda japonica, colonized the site the following spring and recovered to a similar extent in the natural marshes 16 months later. The sedimentary results indicated that the sediment fences had effects on particle size and sediment accumulation, especially in the plot with small canals. This experiment also showed that tidal height, especially that exceeding the CTL, is an important factor in the recovery of the benthic fauna of salt marshes. From these results, we suggested that designs for the restoration of salt marsh ecosystems must consider the inclusion of a tidal height exceeding CTL, as this may allow reconstruction of the previous natural ecosystem without artificial transplanting. © 2011 Korea Ocean Research Development Institute (KORDI) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Netherlands.
- Ocean Science Journal, v.46, no.1, pp.47 - 53, 2011
- coastal wetland; coastal zone; macrobenthos; restoration ecology; saltmarsh; temporal variation; vegetation; Korea; Suaeda japonica
- coastal wetlands; critical tidal level; macrobenthic community; restoration; sediment fence
- Related Researcher
Coastal Sedimentary Processes,Micropaleontology(Foraminifera and Pollen),Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction,연안퇴적작용,미고생물(유공충 및 화분),고환경 복원
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