The role of mean state on changes in El Nio's flavor SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 76 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 79 time in Scopus
Title
The role of mean state on changes in El Nio's flavor
Author(s)
Choi, Jung; An, Soon-Il; Kug, Jong-Seong; Yeh, Sang-Wook
Publication Year
2011-09
Abstract
Recently, many studies have argued for the existence of two types of El Nio phenomena based on different spatial distributions: the conventional El Nio [or Eastern Pacific (EP) El Nio], and the Central Pacific (CP) El Nio. Here, we investigate the decadal modulation of CP El Nio occurrences using a long-term coupled general circulation model simulation, focusing, in particular, on the role of climate state in the regime change between more and fewer CP El Nio events. The higher occurrence regime of the CP El Nio coincides with the lower occurrence regime of EP El Nio, and vice versa. The climate states associated with these two opposite regimes resemble the leading principal component analysis (PCA) modes of tropical Pacific decadal variability, indicating that decadal change in climate state may lead to regime change in terms of two different types of El Nio. In particular, the higher occurrence regime of CP El Nio is associated with a strong zonal gradient of mean surface temperature in the equatorial Pacific, along with a strong equatorial Trade wind over the area east of the dateline. In addition, the oceanic variables-the mixed layer depth and the thermocline depth-show values indicating increased depth over the western-to-central Pacific. The aforementioned climate states obviously intensify zonal advective feedback, which promotes increased generation of the CP El Nio. Frequent CP El Nio occurrences are not fully described by oceanic subsurface dynamics, and dynamical or thermodynamical processes in the ocean mixed layer and air-sea interaction are important contributors to the generation of the CP El Nio. Furthermore, the atmospheric response with respect to the SSTA tends to move toward the west, which leads to a weak air-sea coupling over the eastern Pacific. These features could be regarded as evidence that the climate state can provide a selection mechanism of the El Nio type.
ISSN
0930-7575
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3823
DOI
10.1007/s00382-010-0912-1
Bibliographic Citation
CLIMATE DYNAMICS, v.37, no.5-6, pp.1205 - 1215, 2011
Publisher
SPRINGER
Subject
PACIFIC DECADAL VARIABILITY; SOUTHERN-OSCILLATION; NINO EVENTS; WARM POOL; LA-NINA; ENSO; CLIMATE; NONLINEARITY; MODULATIONS; TEMPERATURE
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SPRINGER
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