Estimation of runup heights of the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami based on numerical simulations OTHER

Title
Estimation of runup heights of the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami based on numerical simulations
Alternative Title
Estimation of runup heights of the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami based on numerical simulations
Author(s)
최병호; E. Pelinovsky; 김경옥; 민병일
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Kyeong Ok(김경옥)
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
A strong earthquake (M9.0) occurred at 14 h 46 m (JST) on March 11, 2011 in the Pacific Ocean east of the Tohoku district in the northeast part of Honshu Island, Japan. The earthquake was accompanied by a large tsunami. The main goal of this study is to use numerical modelling to reproduce the observed characteristics of the 2011 tsunami. First, the water elevation records of DART buoys, coastal tidal gauges and GPS wave buoys are compared with the numerical simulation. Then, the observed runup heights that were published by the Joint Survey Group are compared with the results of the numerical simulations in the Pacific coast of the Tohoku district. For tsunami modelling in ocean and coastal zone, numerical computations were performed within the Princeton Ocean Model (POM). The finite fault models of the U.S. Geological Survey (Hayes, 2011) and the California Institute of Technology (Simons et al., 2011) are compared; Simons’ fault model is chosen to reproduce the tsunami source. For computing the runup height, the time series of the water height that were determined by the numerical model in the last sea grid points were converted by the 1D analytical nonlinear theory of long-wave runup. The computed runup heights on the shore correlate with the observed runup heights, with the exception of the northern Miyagi Prefecture, which was directly hit by the tsunami. this study is to use numerical modelling to reproduce the observed characteristics of the 2011 tsunami. First, the water elevation records of DART buoys, coastal tidal gauges and GPS wave buoys are compared with the numerical simulation. Then, the observed runup heights that were published by the Joint Survey Group are compared with the results of the numerical simulations in the Pacific coast of the Tohoku district. For tsunami modelling in ocean and coastal zone, numerical computations were performed within the Princeton Ocean Model (POM). The finite fault models of
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3759
Bibliographic Citation
The Open Oceanography Journal, v.6, no.1, pp.5 - 13, 2012
Type
Article
Language
English
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Coastal Engineering,Marine Environment Model,Coastal Disaster Model,해안공학,해양환경모델링,해안재해모델

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