Coral reefs at 34 degrees N, Japan: Exploring the end of environmental gradients SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 27 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 24 time in Scopus
Title
Coral reefs at 34 degrees N, Japan: Exploring the end of environmental gradients
Author(s)
Yamano, Hiroya; Sugihara, Kaoru; Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Shimamura, Michiyo; Hyeong, Kiseong
KIOST Author(s)
Hyeong, Kiseong(형기성)
Publication Year
2012-09
Abstract
We describe the architecture and development of the highest latitude coral reefs currently known on Earth, located in Japan at 34 degrees N. The reefs are distributed within turbid inner bays and undergo winter sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) that fall to 13 degrees C, well below the generally accepted lower limit (18 degrees C in winter) of tropical coral reef formation. Despite low SSTs and high turbidity, coring indicates reefs ranging to 555 cm in thickness since ca. 4.3 k.y. ago. The reefs exhibit high adaptability to this extremely marginal environment. Variability of the Tsushima Warm Current and the Asian monsoon could have affected the evolution of these reefs. The corals are dominantly faviids, in contrast to Acropora and Porites that tend to dominate low-latitude, tropical-subtropical reefs. Defining the end of the distributional range, the reefs serve as baselines for understanding coral reef distribution along SST and turbidity gradients.
ISSN
0091-7613
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3464
DOI
10.1130/G33293.1
Bibliographic Citation
GEOLOGY, v.40, no.9, pp.835 - 838, 2012
Publisher
GEOLOGICAL SOC AMER, INC
Subject
SOUTHWESTERN JAPAN; FRINGING REEFS; HIGH-LATITUDE; HOLOCENE; COMMUNITY; PACIFIC; GROWTH; ISLAND; SHELF
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
GEOLOGICAL SOC AMER, INC
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