Precipitable Water Vapor Retrieval from Shipborne GNSS Observations on the Korean Research Vessel ISABU SCIE SCOPUS

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Title
Precipitable Water Vapor Retrieval from Shipborne GNSS Observations on the Korean Research Vessel ISABU
Author(s)
Dong-Hyo Sohn; Byung-Kyu Choi; Park, Yosup; Kim, Yoon Chil; Bonhwa Ku
KIOST Author(s)
Park, Yosup(박요섭)Kim, Yoon Chil(김윤칠)Ku, Bonhwa(구본화)
Publication Year
2020-07
Abstract
We estimate precipitable water vapor (PWV) from data collected by the low-cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver at a vessel. The dual-frequency GNSS receiver that the vessel ISABU is equipped with that is operated by the Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology. The ISABU served in the Pacific Ocean for scientific research during a period from August 30 to September 21, 2018. It also performs radiosonde observations to obtain a vertical profile of troposphere on the vessel's path. The GNSS-derived PWV is compared to radiosonde observations and the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on NASA's Aqua satellite output. A bias and root-mean-square (RMS) error between shipborne GNSS-PWV and radiosonde-PWV were -1.48 and 5.22 mm, respectively. When compared to the ground GNSS-PWV, shipborne GNSS-PWV has a relatively large RMS error in comparison with radiosonde-PWV. However, the GNSS observations on the vessel are still in good agreement with radiosonde observations. On the other hand, the GNSS-PWV is not well linearly correlated with AIRS-PWV. The RMS error between the two observations was approximately 8.97 mm. In addition, we showed that the vessel on the sea surface has significantly larger carrier phase multipath error compared to the ground-based GNSS observations. This also can result in reducing the accuracy of shipborne GNSS-PWV. However, we suggest that the shipborne GNSS has sufficient potential to derive PWV with the kinematic precise point positioning (PPP) solution on the vessel.
ISSN
1424-8220
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/32901
DOI
10.3390/s20154261
Bibliographic Citation
SENSORS, v.20, no.15, pp.1 - 17, 2020
Publisher
MDPI
Subject
GPS MEASUREMENTS; DELAY; RADIOSONDE; VALIDATION; RADIOMETER; RECEIVERS; PROFILES; MODEL
Keywords
GNSS; shipborne; precipitable water vapor; radiosonde; AIRS; kinematic precise point positioning
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
MDPI
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