대만 동부 판경계에서의 지진파 속도구조와 단층 구조

Title
대만 동부 판경계에서의 지진파 속도구조와 단층 구조
Alternative Title
Seismic Velocity Model and Fault Geometry of Active Plate Boundary in Eastern Taiwa
Author(s)
김광희; Jer-Ming Chiu; Kou-Cheng Chen; 유해수; 민동주
Publication Year
2006-07-23
Abstract
The Longitudinal Valley (LV) and Coastal Range (COR), located in eastern Taiwan, is considered to be the surface representation of the suture between the Philippine Sea plate (PSP) to the east and the Eurasian continental plate (EUP) to the west. High-resolution 3-D Vp and Vs models are determined in order to understand their relationship with seismicity and tectonic implication. High-quality P and S wave arrival times have been selected from data collected by the Taiwan Seismic Network (TSN) and the Portable Array for Numerical Data Acquisition II (PANDAII) in the Hualien area in central eastern Taiwan. A traveltime tomography package initially developed by Benz et al. (1996) and later modified by Shen (1999) is used in the study. After the determination of reliable 3-D Vp and Vs models, all available earthquakes are relocated to delineate subsurface structures using a recently developed earthquake location program (Chen et al., 2006). The results of checkerboard resolution tests indicate both P- and S-wave velocity structures can be successfully recovered at least to a depth of 30km for the study area. Thus, significant structures beneath the LV and COR can be reliably recovered by a seismic tomography method under the given station-event configuration. Recovered velocity model along with the relocated earthquake hypocenters clearly depict the deformation structures associated with the active collision. A northwest dipping fault is outlined by the most concentrated seismicity and located at the boundary between the low and high velocity anomaly. A sudden increase in velocity to the east and a sub-vertical extension of the high velocity anomaly ($>$ 6.8km/s) beneath the LV and COR suggests that the major faults have juxtaposed different lithologies as a consequence of progressive plate collision. Comparisons among Vp, Vs and Vp/Vs models, relocated seismicity and recent GPS observations indicate the fault defined by planar seismicity may be the major boundary betwe
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/30937
Bibliographic Citation
Western Pacific Geophysical Meeting, 2006
Publisher
AGU
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
AGU
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