Estimation of the gas-hydrate resource volume in a small area of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea using seismic inversion and multi-attribute transform techniques SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 15 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 15 time in Scopus
Title
Estimation of the gas-hydrate resource volume in a small area of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea using seismic inversion and multi-attribute transform techniques
Author(s)
Lee, Gwang H.; Yi, Bo Y.; Yoo, Dong G.; Ryu, Byong J.; Kim, Han J.
Publication Year
2013-11
Abstract
We estimated the volume of gas-hydrate and in-place gas in a small (37 km x 58 km) area of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea from a dense grid of 2-D seismic and logging-while-drilling (LWD) data, using seismic inversion and multi-attribute transform techniques. Multi-attribute transform finds the relationship between any measured or calculated logs and the combination of the seismic attributes and the acoustic impedance computed from inversion. We assumed that the bottom-simulating reflector marks the base of the gas-hydrate stability zone (GHSZ). First, the pore-space gas-hydrate saturation at the wells was estimated from the simplified three-phase Biot-type equation. Then, the porosity and the pore-space gas-hydrate saturation along the seismic lines were predicted from multi-attribute transform. The GHSZ was divided into ten layers of the equal time thickness. The time thickness of each layer was converted into depth, using the time depth relationship constructed from seismic-to-well tie at the wells, and gridded at 500-m cell size. The average porosity and pore-space gas-hydrate saturation were computed for each layer and multiplied to obtain the average total gas-hydrate saturation which was gridded with the same cell size as the thickness grid. Thus, each 2-D cell is represented by a rock volume and an average total gas-hydrate saturation. The gas-hydrate volume for each cell was computed by the multiplication of the cell rock volume and the average total gas-hydrate saturation. Finally, the total gas-hydrate volume was computed by summing the gas-hydrate volumes of all cells. The estimated gas-hydrate and in-place gas volumes in the study area are about 3.43 x 10(9) m(3) (1.21 x 10(11) ft(3)) and about 4.50 x 10(11) m(3) (1.59 x 10(13) ft(3)), respectively. The more conservative estimates, excluding the top three layers that comprise about 50 m of the near-seafloor sediments where the LWD data are often unreliable, are 3.03 x 10(9) m(3) (1.07 x 10(11) ft(3)) for gas hydrate and about 3.97 x 10(11) m(3) (1.40 x 10(13) ft(3)) for gas. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0264-8172
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3073
DOI
10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.04.001
Bibliographic Citation
MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, v.47, pp.291 - 302, 2013
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Subject
MARINE-SEDIMENTS; WAVE; RESERVOIR; JAPAN
Keywords
Gas hydrate; Resource; Inversion; Multi-attribute transform
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
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