ROMS 에 적용한 앙상블 칼만필터의 민감도 시험

ROMS 에 적용한 앙상블 칼만필터의 민감도 시험
Alternative Title
Sensitivity test to Ensemble Kalman Filter implemented to Regional Oceanic Modeling System
김영호; 조양기; 유상진; 최병주; 장경일; 윤용훈
Publication Year
The Kalman Filter is a powerful framework of a sequential data assimilation, in which the background error covariance is evolved by a forecast from the previous analysis. The expensive computation, however, has kept from the practical implementation. Though the ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) was introduced by Evensen (1994) and has been applied successfully in meteorological applications, there are few oceanographic applications. The EnKF was employed for the Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS) in this study. The technical approaches are based on the algorithm suggested by Evensen (1994) and modified by Houtekamer and Mitchell (1998). In spite of merits of the EnKF, there can be some issues about the EnKF due to the finite ensemble size, which can make the estimated forecast error covariance noisy. Furthermore, the EnKF can underestimate the rank of the error covariance since the forecast error covariance is estimated from the finite ensemble members, which can cause the Kalman Filter to diverge. To deal with these issues in the EnKF, covariance localization has been suggested by Gaspari and Cohn (1999) and covariance inflation by Wang and Bishop (2003). To discuss the issues of the EnKF to implement to the ROMS, sensitivity test to the covariance localization and inflation has been conducted as twin experiments in the simple case of the ROMS. Analysis error and its uncertainty with or without the covariance localization and inflation will be discussed. In addition, the multivariate forecast error covariance has been applied and will be discussed.
Bibliographic Citation
Proceedings of the 14th PAMS/JECSS Workshop, pp.141 - 144, 2007
Hiroshima University
Hiroshima University
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