Protective effects of the Aeromonas phages pAh1-C and pAh6-C against mass mortality of the cyprinid loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) caused by Aeromonas hydrophila SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 40 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 38 time in Scopus
Title
Protective effects of the Aeromonas phages pAh1-C and pAh6-C against mass mortality of the cyprinid loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) caused by Aeromonas hydrophila
Author(s)
Jun, Jin Woo; Kim, Ji Hyung; Shin, Sang Phil; Han, Jee Eun; Chai, Ji Young; Park, Se Chang
Publication Year
2013-12-05
Abstract
To investigate methods to control the mass mortality of cyprinid loaches (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) caused by multiple-antibiotic-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila on a private fish farm in Korea, we isolated bacteriophages (phages), designated pAh1-C and pAh6-C, from the Han River in Seoul. The two isolated phages were morphologically classified as Myoviridae and showed similar infection patterns for A. hydrophila isolates. The two phages possessed approximately 55 kb (pAh1-C) and 58 kb (pAh6-C) of double-stranded genomic DNA, and their gDNAs showed different restriction endonuclease digestion patterns. Both phages showed efficient bacteriolytic activity against fish-pathogenic A. hydrophila from loaches. The latent periods of the phages were estimated to be approximately 30 min (pAh1-C) and 20 min (pAh6-C), while the burst sizes were 60 PFU/cell (pAh1-C) and 10 PFU/cell (pAh6-C). The phages proved to be efficient in the inhibition of bacterial growth, as demonstrated by their in vitro bactericidal effects. Additionally, a single administration of either phage to cyprinid loaches resulted in noticeable protective effects, with increased survival rates against A. hydrophila infection. These results suggest that the phages pAh1-C and pAh6-C constitute potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of A. hydrophila infection in fish. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0044-8486
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3040
DOI
10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.09.045
Bibliographic Citation
AQUACULTURE, v.416, pp.289 - 295, 2013
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Subject
PSEUDOMONAS-PLECOGLOSSICIDA; KLEBSIELLA-PNEUMONIAE; QUINOLONE RESISTANCE; MOTILE AEROMONADS; BACTERIOPHAGE; FISH; INFECTION; WATER; DISEASE; ENVIRONMENTS
Keywords
Cyprinid loach; Misgurnus anguillicaudatus; Multiple-antibiotic-resistant; Aeromonas hydrophila; Bacteriophage; Therapeutic agent
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
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