Carbon isotope variations in diploptene for methane hydrate dissociation during the last glacial episode in the Japan Sea/East Sea SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 1 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 1 time in Scopus
Title
Carbon isotope variations in diploptene for methane hydrate dissociation during the last glacial episode in the Japan Sea/East Sea
Author(s)
Hyun, Sangmin; Bahk, J. -J.; Yim, Un Hyuk; Uchida, M.; Nam, Si; Woo, K. S.
KIOST Author(s)
Hyun, Sang Min(현상민)Yim, Un Hyuk(임운혁)
Publication Year
2014
Abstract
Two piston cores (06GHSA P1 and 06GHSA P6) taken from the Ulleung Basin of the Japan Sea/East Sea were examined for the presence of an organic compound, diploptene (hopanoid 17 alpha(H),21 beta(H)-hop-22(29)-ene). Carbon isotopes of diploptene (delta C-13(dip)) were analyzed to determine their origins and relationship with methane hydrate dissociation. The presence of diploptene was identified, and its concentrations in the two cores exhibited spatiotemporal variations, ranging from 1.7 to 632.1 ng/g (average, 87 ng/g) in core 06GHSA P6 and from 1.4 to 42.2 ng/g in core 06GHSA P1 (average, 20.1 ng/g). In both cores, delta C-13(dip) exhibited significant variations, ranging from 22.3 to 61.3%o. In core 06GHSA P6, extreme delta C-13(dip) depletion was evident in the sediments deposited under glacial conditions, whereas relatively enriched values were determined in Holocene sediments. High diploptene concentrations correspond to depleted delta C-13(dtp), indicating that carbon was, in part, derived from methanotrophic bacterial activities, whereas low diploptene concentrations may reflect a mainly cyanobacterial origin. The presence of depleted delta C-13(dip) and its fluctuation may record the dissociation of gas hydrates and methane seepage during glacial intervals for core 06GHSA P6. The release of methane hydrate release may have been triggered by the collapse of the stability zone. Several factors associated with the hydrate stability include sea-level fluctuations. Lowered sea levels during glacial periods may cause the collapse of hydrate stability zone, which could be the source of dissociated of methane hydrate and methane seepage. This study documents the evidence of methane hydrate instability, inferred from compound-specific analysis, of the Japan Sea/East Sea sediments.
ISSN
0016-7002
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/2986
DOI
10.2343/geochemj.2.0305
Bibliographic Citation
GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, v.48, no.3, pp.287 - 297, 2014
Publisher
GEOCHEMICAL SOC JAPAN
Subject
EAST SEA; ULLEUNG BASIN; GAS-HYDRATE; AUTHIGENIC CARBONATES; MARGINAL SEDIMENTS; ORGANIC-CARBON; PACIFIC; RELEASE; KOREA; CIRCULATION
Keywords
diploptene; methane hydrate dissociation; carbon isotope; glacial interglacial; sea-level changes
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
GEOCHEMICAL SOC JAPAN
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