Two-types of El Nino simulated in climate model, its sensitivity to a physical parameterization

Title
Two-types of El Nino simulated in climate model, its sensitivity to a physical parameterization
Author(s)
장연수; 김동훈; 김영호; 국종성
Publication Year
2011-04-21
Abstract
Many recent studies showed that there is new type of El Niño event, which differs from the canonical type. They are divided into two types of El Niño events – one is the cold tongue (CT) El Niño, and the other is the warm pool (WP) El Niño. It is important to know how well current coupled GCMs simulate two-types of El Niño. In this study, we investigated a model fidelity in simulating two types of El Niño by changing physical parameter (tokioka parameter), which can control extent of deep convection. When deep convection is highly suppressed with large Tokioka parameter, it is found that the ENSO amplitude is increased Furthermore, we found that the model can simulate two-types of El Niño more distinctively. In the case of the CT El Niño, the location of the precipitation anomalies center is significantly shifted eastward with large Tokioka parameter. Because the model with large tokioka simulates wetter mean state over the eastern Pacific, it can lead to eastward shift of atmospheric feedback associated with anomalous eastern Pacific warming. Our study suggests that the mean precipitation over the eastern Pacific and resultant zonal location of atmospheric feedback associated with ENSO can be one of crucial component for simulating two-types of El Niño.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/28409
Bibliographic Citation
한국기상학회 봄 학술대회, pp.10, 2011
Publisher
2011년 한국기상학회 봄 학술대회
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
2011년 한국기상학회 봄 학술대회
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