A Nucleic-Acid Hydrolyzing Single Chain Antibody Confers Resistance to DNA Virus Infection in HeLa Cells and C57BL/6 Mice SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 19 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 18 time in Scopus
Title
A Nucleic-Acid Hydrolyzing Single Chain Antibody Confers Resistance to DNA Virus Infection in HeLa Cells and C57BL/6 Mice
Author(s)
Lee, Gunsup; Yu, Jaelim; Cho, Seungchan; Byun, Sung-June; Kim, Dae Hyun; Lee, Taek-Kyun; Kwon, Myung-Hee; Lee, Sukchan
KIOST Author(s)
Lee, Taek Kyun(이택견)
Alternative Author(s)
이택견
Publication Year
2014-06
Abstract
Viral protein neutralizing antibodies have been developed but they are limited only to the targeted virus and are often susceptible to antigenic drift. Here, we present an alternative strategy for creating virus-resistant cells and animals by ectopic expression of a nucleic acid hydrolyzing catalytic 3D8 single chain variable fragment (scFv), which has both DNase and RNase activities. HeLa cells (SCH7072) expressing 3D8 scFv acquired significant resistance to DNA viruses. Virus challenging with Herpes simplex virus (HSV) in 3D8 scFv transgenic cells and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay based on direct DNA cleavage analysis revealed that the induced resistance in HeLa cells was acquired by the nucleic acid hydrolyzing catalytic activity of 3D8 scFv. In addition, pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection in WT C57BL/6 mice was lethal, whereas transgenic mice (STG90) that expressed high levels of 3D8 scFv mRNA in liver, muscle, and brain showed a 56% survival rate 5 days after PRV intramuscular infection. The antiviral effects against DNA viruses conferred by 3D8 scFv expression in HeLa cells as well as an in vivo mouse system can be attributed to the nuclease activity that inhibits viral genome DNA replication in the nucleus and/or viral mRNA translation in the cytoplasm. Our results demonstrate that the nucleic-acid hydrolyzing activity of 3D8 scFv confers viral resistance to DNA viruses in vitro in HeLa cells and in an in vivo mouse system.
ISSN
1553-7366
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/2799
DOI
10.1371/journal.ppat.1004208
Bibliographic Citation
PLOS PATHOGENS, v.10, no.6, 2014
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Subject
INHIBIT EARLY STAGES; 2 CAPSID PROTEINS; VIRAL LIFE-CYCLE; VARIABLE FRAGMENTS; INTRACELLULAR EXPRESSION; ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY; LYTIC INFECTION; STRANDED RNA; AVIAN FLU; TYPE-1
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
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