Onset, evolution and effects of the Mediterranean Outflow: An overview of IODP Expedition 339 in the Gulf of Cadiz

Title
Onset, evolution and effects of the Mediterranean Outflow: An overview of IODP Expedition 339 in the Gulf of Cadiz
Author(s)
F. Javier Hernandez-Molina; Dorrik Stow; Carlos Alvarez-Zarikian; 김진경; IODP Exp. 339 scientists
Publication Year
2012-04-19
Abstract
IODP Expedition 339 drilled 5 sites in the Gulf of Cadiz and 2 off the west Iberian margin (November 2011 to January 2012) (Fig. 1), and recovered 5.5 km of core with an average recovery of 86.4%. The Gulf of Cadiz was targeted for drilling as a key location for the investigation of Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) through the Gibraltar Gateway and its influence on global circulation and climate. It is also a prime area for understanding the effects of tectonic activity on evolution of the Gibraltar Gateway and on margin sedimentation. We penetrated into the Miocene at two different sites and established a strong signal of MOW in the sedimentary record of the Gulf of Cadiz following opening of the Gibraltar Gateway. Preliminary results show contourite deposition from 4.2-4.5 Ma, although subsequent research will establish whether this dates from the first onset of MOW. The Pliocene succession, penetrated at four sites, shows low bottom current activity linked with a weak MOW. Significant widespread unconformities, present in all sites but with hiatuses of variable duration, are interpreted as a signal of intensified MOW, coupled with flow confinement. The Quaternary succession shows a much more pronounced phase of contourite drift development, with two periods of MOW intensification separated by a widespread unconformity. Following this, the final phase of drift evolution established thling as a key location for the investigation of Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) through the Gibraltar Gateway and its influence on global circulation and climate. It is also a prime area for understanding the effects of tectonic activity on evolution of the Gibraltar Gateway and on margin sedimentation. We penetrated into the Miocene at two different sites and established a strong signal of MOW in the sedimentary record of the Gulf of Cadiz following opening of the Gibraltar Gateway. Preliminary results show contourite deposition from 4.2-4.5 Ma, although subsequent research will e
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/27872
Bibliographic Citation
2012년 춘계 지질과학기술 공동학술대회, pp.144 - 145, 2012
Publisher
대한자원환경지질학회,
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
대한자원환경지질학회,
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