Hexabromocyclododecane in polystyrene based consumer products: An evidence of unregulated use SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 75 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 75 time in Scopus
Title
Hexabromocyclododecane in polystyrene based consumer products: An evidence of unregulated use
Author(s)
Rani, Manviri; Shim, Won Joon; Han, Gi Myung; Jang, Mi; Song, Young Kyoung; Hong, Sang Hee
KIOST Author(s)
Shim, Won Joon(심원준)Han, Gi Myung(한기명)Jang, Mi(장미)Song, Young Kyoung(송영경)Hong, Sang Hee(홍상희)
Publication Year
2014-09
Abstract
Polystyrene (PS) is made flame retardant by combining with hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). HBCD can release from consumer products during their production, use or disposal. As a result, it has become a ubiquitous contaminant in the environment with a high potential for bioaccumulation. Therefore, to evaluate the extent of exposure to HBCD from PS, we determined the concentration of HBCD in a variety of products (n = 34) made from three types of commonly used PS: expanded PS (EPS), extruded PS foam (XPS), and extruded PS. The concentration of HBCD was highest in EPS, with a mean value and range of 475643 +/- 16710 ng g(-1) and 106-960000 ng g(-1), respectively. PS related to building construction and laboratory uses had a significantly higher concentration of HBCD (3300-905000 ng g(-1)), except XPS styroboard (191 +/- 100 ng g(-1)). Lower concentrations were measured in most food-related products (24.3-199 ng g(-1)). However, a relatively high concentration of HBCD was detected in an ice box (960000 +/- 29000 ng g(-1)), aquaculture buoy (53500 +/- 2100 ng g(-1)), and disposable tray (8430 +/- 730 ng g(-1)) used in fish market, raising concern for public health. Our data demonstrate a wide variation in the concentration of HBCD, suggesting a lack of proper controls for the addition of HBCD to PS products. Other brominated flame retardants (BFRs) were also detected in a majority of the XPS products (TBBPA = 3.83-545 ng g(-1), BTBPE = 44-216 ng g(-1), and DBDPE = 215-4200 ng g(-1)). Thus, HBCD is being added to PS along with other BFRs that cannot be ignored. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0045-6535
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/2740
DOI
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.02.022
Bibliographic Citation
CHEMOSPHERE, v.110, pp.111 - 119, 2014
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Subject
BROMINATED FLAME RETARDANTS; TETRABROMOBISPHENOL-A TBBPA; POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS; ZEBRAFISH DANIO-RERIO; PLASTIC DEBRIS; COASTAL WATERS; MARINE DEBRIS; SEDIMENT CORE; SOUTH-KOREA; CHINA
Keywords
Brominated flame retardants; HBCD; Polystyrene products; Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Microplastic pollution,Persistent Organic Pollutants,Oil Pollution,미세플라스틱 오염,잔류성 유기오염물질,유류오염

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