Antecedent mid-tropospheric frontogenesis caused by the interaction between a tropical cyclone and midlatitude trough: a case study of Typhoon Rusa (2002) SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 3 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 3 time in Scopus
Title
Antecedent mid-tropospheric frontogenesis caused by the interaction between a tropical cyclone and midlatitude trough: a case study of Typhoon Rusa (2002)
Author(s)
Baek, Eun-Hyuk; Lim, Gyu-Ho; Kim, Joo-Hong; Kug, Jong-Seong
Publication Year
2014-10
Abstract
This study examines antecedent mid-tropospheric frontogenesis (AMF) resulting from the interaction between Typhoon Rusa (2002) and a midlatitude trough over the Korean Peninsula. In this event, the AMF contributed to the first peak in the time series of rainfall in Gangneung (37.75A degrees N, 128.90A degrees E), occurring about 12 h before the time of the extratropical transition (ET) process of the tropical cyclone (TC). Using observations and high-resolution model outputs, we showed that the AMF contributed to the antecedent rainfall in Gangneung during the first rainfall period when Gangneung was located outside of Rusa's sphere of direct influence. A Weather Research Forecasting (WRF) model experiment was conducted to diagnose the frontogenetical features and associated precipitation processes in detail. The experiment revealed that the AMF was mainly forced by the horizontal deformation forcing (HDF). The direction of the HDF was oriented from southwest to northeast in the middle part of the peninsula. The HDF increased positively due to the confluence of the southeasterlies from the TC and the northwesterlies emanating from the midlatitude trough. The experiment also suggested that the mid-tropospheric moisture originated from the subtropical ocean and deposited into the frontal region by the southerlies on the eastern periphery of the TC, which enhanced the convergence of moisture flux in the frontal region during the first rainfall period. The thermally direct circulation associated with the AMF lead to the mid-tropospheric saturation, which enhanced the precipitation of the first rainfall event together with the orographically forced convection at the low level above Gangneung.
ISSN
0177-798X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/2713
DOI
10.1007/s00704-013-1045-3
Bibliographic Citation
THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, v.118, no.1-2, pp.9 - 24, 2014
Publisher
SPRINGER WIEN
Subject
WESTERN NORTH PACIFIC; UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH; EXTRATROPICAL TRANSITION; PART I; DOWNSTREAM IMPACTS; PRECIPITATION; RAINFALL; MODEL; SIMULATIONS; CLOUDS
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SPRINGER WIEN
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