Study on the detection of red-tide outbreaks using big satellite database

Title
Study on the detection of red-tide outbreaks using big satellite database
Author(s)
손영백; 박경석; 이상환; 이용; 김상현; 유신재
KIOST Author(s)
Son, Young Baek(손영백)
Publication Year
2014-11-05
Abstract
Satellite remote sensing has been successfully employed to monitor and detect the increasing incidence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) under various water conditions. To establish a comprehensive monitoring system of HAB outbreaks (Cochlodinium polykrikoides blooms) in the southern coast of Korea (SCK), we tested the several proposed red-tide detection methods using MODIS ocean color data. Temporal and spatial information of red tide events (2002~2013) were obtained from the National Fisheries Research and Development of Korea (NFRDI), which were matched with synchronously obtained ocean color data. The spectral characteristics of C. polykrikoides red tides were that increased phytoplankton absorption at 443 nm and pigment backscattering 555 nm resulted in a steeper slope between 488 and 555 nm with a hinge point at 488 nm. On the other hand, non-red tide water, typically were presented by broader radiance spectra between the blue and green bands were associated with reduced pigment absorption and backscattering. The analysis of ocean color imageries that captured red tide blooms showed discolored waters with enhanced pigment concentrations, high chlorophyll, fluorescence, absorption at 443 nm. However, most red tide detection algorithms found a large number of false positive but only a small number of true positive areas. These proposed algorithms are not useful to distinguish true red tide water from complex nonium polykrikoides blooms) in the southern coast of Korea (SCK), we tested the several proposed red-tide detection methods using MODIS ocean color data. Temporal and spatial information of red tide events (2002~2013) were obtained from the National Fisheries Research and Development of Korea (NFRDI), which were matched with synchronously obtained ocean color data. The spectral characteristics of C. polykrikoides red tides were that increased phytoplankton absorption at 443 nm and pigment backscattering 555 nm resulted in a steeper slope between 488 and 555 nm with a hinge point at 488 nm. On the other hand, non-red tide water, typically were presented by broader radiance spectra between the blue and green bands were associated with reduced pigment absorption and backscattering. The analysis of ocean color imageries that captured red tide blooms showed discolored waters with enhanced pigment concentrations, high chlorophyll, fluorescence, absorption at 443 nm. However, most red tide detection algorithms found a large number of false positive but only a small number of true positive areas. These proposed algorithms are not useful to distinguish true red tide water from complex non
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/25835
Bibliographic Citation
PORSC, pp.1 - 5, 2014
Publisher
PORSC
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
PORSC
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Ocean Color Remote Sensing,Climate Change,UAV,해양원격탐사,기후변화,무인체계

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