Resting cysts, and effects of temperature and salinity on the growth of vegetative cells of the potentially harmful species Alexandrium insuetum Balech (Dinophyceae)

Title
Resting cysts, and effects of temperature and salinity on the growth of vegetative cells of the potentially harmful species Alexandrium insuetum Balech (Dinophyceae)
Author(s)
신현호; 백승호; 이준; 한명수; 임월애
KIOST Author(s)
Shin, Hyeon Ho(신현호)Baek, Seung Ho(백승호)
Publication Year
2014-11-28
Abstract
The potentially harmful species Alexandrium insuetum established by the incubation of resting cysts isolated from sediment trap samples collected at Jinhae-Masan Bay,Korea was characterized by morphological and phylogenetic analysis. The effects of temperature and salinity on the growth of A. insuetum were also investigated. The resting cysts are characterized by a spherical shape, a small size (20-25 μm) and the presence of either three or four red accumulation bodies. The similarity of morphological features of the resting cysts to those of other species of the minutum group (consisting of Alexandrium minutum and A. tamutum) indicates that the morphological features of resting cysts might improve the accuracy of the grouping of Alexandrium species. A. insuetum germinated from the resting cysts is morphologically consistent with vegetative cells reported from Korean and Japanese coastal areas, and has an partial large subunit (LSU) rDNA sequence identical to that from Japanese strains. The growth of A. insuetum was observed between salinity 20 and 35, with increasing temperature however at 25°C, A. insuetum could grow even at the salinity of 15. The highest growth rate (0.60 d-1) was observed at 25°C and the salinity of 25, which is higher than the previously reported growth rate of A. tamarense, which is responsible for outbreaks of paralytic shellfish poisoining and blooms in Jinhae-Masan Bay. These results sufects of temperature and salinity on the growth of A. insuetum were also investigated. The resting cysts are characterized by a spherical shape, a small size (20-25 μm) and the presence of either three or four red accumulation bodies. The similarity of morphological features of the resting cysts to those of other species of the minutum group (consisting of Alexandrium minutum and A. tamutum) indicates that the morphological features of resting cysts might improve the accuracy of the grouping of Alexandrium species. A. insuetum germinated from the resting cysts is morphologically consistent with vegetative cells reported from Korean and Japanese coastal areas, and has an partial large subunit (LSU) rDNA sequence identical to that from Japanese strains. The growth of A. insuetum was observed between salinity 20 and 35, with increasing temperature however at 25°C, A. insuetum could grow even at the salinity of 15. The highest growth rate (0.60 d-1) was observed at 25°C and the salinity of 25, which is higher than the previously reported growth rate of A. tamarense, which is responsible for outbreaks of paralytic shellfish poisoining and blooms in Jinhae-Masan Bay. These results su
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/25717
Bibliographic Citation
한국환경생물학회지, pp.1, 2014
Publisher
한국환경생물학회
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
한국환경생물학회
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine bioresource,Marine phytoplankton diversity / ecology,Marine micropaleontology,해양생물자원,해양식물플랑크톤 다양성/생태학,해양미고생물학

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