he Relationship of Weddell Polynya and Open-Ocean Deep Convection to the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies

Title
he Relationship of Weddell Polynya and Open-Ocean Deep Convection to the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies
Author(s)
박영규; null Cheon; Y Kim
KIOST Author(s)
Park, Young Gyu(박영규)
Alternative Author(s)
박영규
Publication Year
2015-06-25
Abstract
The Weddell Polynya of the mid-1970s is simulated in an energy balance model (EBM) sea ice– ocean coupled general circulation model (GCM) with an abrupt 20% increase in the intensity of Southern Hemisphere (SH) westerlies. This small upshift of applied wind stress is viewed as a stand in for the stronger zonal winds that developed in the mid-1970s following a long interval of relatively weak zonal winds between 1954 and 1972. Following the strengthening of the westerlies in this model, the cyclonic Weddell gyre intensifies, raising relatively warm Weddell Sea Deep Water to the surface. The raised warm water then melts sea ice or prevents it from forming to produce the Weddell Polynya. Within the polynya,pshift of applied wind stress is viewed as a stand in for the stronger zonal winds that developed in the mid-1970s following a long interval of relatively weak zonal winds between 1954 and 1972. Following the strengthening of the westerlies in this model, the cyclonic Weddell gyre intensifies, raising relatively warm Weddell Sea Deep Water to the surface. The raised warm water then melts sea ice or prevents it from forming to produce the Weddell Polynya. Within the polynya,
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/25372
Bibliographic Citation
26th IUGG General Assembly, pp.1, 2015
Publisher
IUGG
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
IUGG
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