Application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle to the mapping of a tidal flat Digital Elevation Model

Title
Application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle to the mapping of a tidal flat Digital Elevation Model
Author(s)
최종국; 김범준; 이윤경
KIOST Author(s)
Choi, Jong Kuk(최종국)
Publication Year
2015-10-06
Abstract
In order to demonstrate the suitability of UAVs to the tidal flat study, we tested fixed-wing UAV mounted with Canon S95 and rotary-wing UAV mounted with Canon 6D. For the accurate geometric correction, it is necessary that pre-processing and post-processing of the obtained image. The interior and exterior orientation parameters were obtained based on the lens distortion model. For the accurate mosaic image generation, the topographic height of the tidal flat was measured using RTK-GPS and flight plans were prepared to obtain 70% image overlap to the azimuth direction and 40% to the range direction. For the mosaic image based on the rotary-wing UAV, waterlines were extracted from each image, and DEM was generated using a waterline method. For the mosaic image based on the fixed-wing UAV, DEM was obtained by aerial triangulation when tidal flat was fully exposed. The accuracy of DEM from fixed-wing UAV was higher than that from rotary-wing UAV. The Fixed-wing UAVs have a limitation to mount various cameras such as DSLR. However, the rotary-wing UAVs can mount not only high-resolution optical cameras such as DSLR but also multispectral, hyperspectral and thermal sensors. In conclusion, the fixed-wing UAVs are advantageous for the analysis on topographic changes, and the rotary-wing UAVs are advantageous for the analysis on surface characteristics such as vegetation and sedimentary facies along with various multispectrand post-processing of the obtained image. The interior and exterior orientation parameters were obtained based on the lens distortion model. For the accurate mosaic image generation, the topographic height of the tidal flat was measured using RTK-GPS and flight plans were prepared to obtain 70% image overlap to the azimuth direction and 40% to the range direction. For the mosaic image based on the rotary-wing UAV, waterlines were extracted from each image, and DEM was generated using a waterline method. For the mosaic image based on the fixed-wing UAV, DEM was obtained by aerial triangulation when tidal flat was fully exposed. The accuracy of DEM from fixed-wing UAV was higher than that from rotary-wing UAV. The Fixed-wing UAVs have a limitation to mount various cameras such as DSLR. However, the rotary-wing UAVs can mount not only high-resolution optical cameras such as DSLR but also multispectral, hyperspectral and thermal sensors. In conclusion, the fixed-wing UAVs are advantageous for the analysis on topographic changes, and the rotary-wing UAVs are advantageous for the analysis on surface characteristics such as vegetation and sedimentary facies along with various multispectra
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/25280
Bibliographic Citation
ICAMG-8, pp.1, 2015
Publisher
KIGAM,
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
KIGAM,
Related Researcher
Research Interests

GOCI-based PAR,Satellite-based Water Quality,Ocean color based Ecological Environment,GOCI 기반 PAR,위성활용 해수표층 수질,해색위성 기반 해수 생태환경

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