동해에 서식하는 긴부리참돌고래의 식성

Title
동해에 서식하는 긴부리참돌고래의 식성
Alternative Title
Diet of long-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus capensis) in the East Sea (Japan Sea), Korea
Author(s)
안소언
KIOST Author(s)
Ahn, So Eon(안소언)
Alternative Author(s)
안소언
Publication Year
2015-10-21
Abstract
The long-beaked common dolphin is one of the most abundant cetaceans in Korean waters, and their population has been estimated to comprise of more than 35,000 individuals. Thirty long-beaked common dolphins were collected in the East Sea from February to September in 2012. For stomach content analysis (SCA), the fresh prey items were identified to their lowest taxonomic level, and unidentified preys due to digestion were identified using remnants such as fish otoliths and cephalopod beaks. Fatty acid (FA) patterns of 20 dolphins from the inner layer of blubber were compared with those in the specimens of prey items. Enoploteuthis chunii was the dominant prey in SCA, representing 55.8% by number and 75.9% by occurrence. Common squid (Todarodes pacificus) and Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) were the next major preys with 14.7% and 18.8% by number respectively. Even though a distinctive difference was not observed between genders, there was a significant diet variation related to maturity. Immature dolphins consumed a higher diversity of prey, and consumed more evenly than the sexually mature group, who showed a high preference for cephalopods. Furthermore, this result is consistent with FA composition of mature dolphins with a raised percentage of 20:6n– 3, which is relatively abundant in T. pacificus.om February to September in 2012. For stomach content analysis (SCA), the fresh prey items were identified to their lowest taxonomic level, and unidentified preys due to digestion were identified using remnants such as fish otoliths and cephalopod beaks. Fatty acid (FA) patterns of 20 dolphins from the inner layer of blubber were compared with those in the specimens of prey items. Enoploteuthis chunii was the dominant prey in SCA, representing 55.8% by number and 75.9% by occurrence. Common squid (Todarodes pacificus) and Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) were the next major preys with 14.7% and 18.8% by number respectively. Even though a distinctive difference was not observed between genders, there was a significant diet variation related to maturity. Immature dolphins consumed a higher diversity of prey, and consumed more evenly than the sexually mature group, who showed a high preference for cephalopods. Furthermore, this result is consistent with FA composition of mature dolphins with a raised percentage of 20:6n– 3, which is relatively abundant in T. pacificus.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/25244
Bibliographic Citation
2015 PICES Annual meeting, 2015
Publisher
2015
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
2015
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