The trophic role of chaetognaths (Sagitta crassa and S. nagae) in the pelagic ecosystem of the Yellow Sea using the gut contents and fatty acid trophic markers

Title
The trophic role of chaetognaths (Sagitta crassa and S. nagae) in the pelagic ecosystem of the Yellow Sea using the gut contents and fatty acid trophic markers
Author(s)
윤현진; 고아라; 주세종
KIOST Author(s)
Yoon, Hyunjin(윤현진)
Publication Year
2016-05-09
Abstract
In the Yellow Sea, the occurrence of chaetognaths with a high abundance could significantly affect the structure and function of the planktonic ecosystem. However, a few studies have been conducted to understand their feeding ecology. We analyzed the gut contents (microscopic and DNA analysis) and fatty acid trophic markers (FATMs) of the most predominant chaetognath species, Sagitta crassa and S. nagae in the Yellow Sea in April, August 2013 and August 2014 from the Yellow Sea to understand their trophic role. Gut contents of the two species revealed by microscopic and DNA analysis indicated that copepods (Calanus sinicus, Oithona spp., and Acartia spp.) were the major components (> 70% of gut contents) of the diets with a minor appearance of krills (Euphausia pacifica) and cladoceran. No significant changes of gut contents of the chaetognaths were detected between species and season. Also, the detection of copepod FATMs, such as 20:1(n-9), 22:1(n-11), in the chaetognaths was consistant with the result of gut content analysis. These results suggest that the chaetognaths, S. crassa and S. nagae, are carnivores and mainly feed on copepods in the Yellow Sea. If so, they may play a key roles not only governing the community structure of micro- and mesozooplankton (via top-down forcing) but also affecting the survival and recruitment of planktivorous fishes through competing the same food source or providing additional halyzed the gut contents (microscopic and DNA analysis) and fatty acid trophic markers (FATMs) of the most predominant chaetognath species, Sagitta crassa and S. nagae in the Yellow Sea in April, August 2013 and August 2014 from the Yellow Sea to understand their trophic role. Gut contents of the two species revealed by microscopic and DNA analysis indicated that copepods (Calanus sinicus, Oithona spp., and Acartia spp.) were the major components (> 70% of gut contents) of the diets with a minor appearance of krills (Euphausia pacifica) and cladoceran. No significant changes of gut contents of the chaetognaths were detected between species and season. Also, the detection of copepod FATMs, such as 20:1(n-9), 22:1(n-11), in the chaetognaths was consistant with the result of gut content analysis. These results suggest that the chaetognaths, S. crassa and S. nagae, are carnivores and mainly feed on copepods in the Yellow Sea. If so, they may play a key roles not only governing the community structure of micro- and mesozooplankton (via top-down forcing) but also affecting the survival and recruitment of planktivorous fishes through competing the same food source or providing additional h
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/24828
Bibliographic Citation
6th International Zooplankton Production Symposium, pp.1, 2016
Publisher
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine biology,Zooplankton,Biochemistry,해양생물,동물플랑크톤,생화학

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