ATP assay for rapid onboard testing to detect living microorganisms in ballast water

Title
ATP assay for rapid onboard testing to detect living microorganisms in ballast water
Author(s)
염승식; 현봉길; 이기태; 신경순
KIOST Author(s)
Yum, Seungshic(염승식)Hyun, Bonggil(현봉길)Shin, Kyoungsoon(신경순)
Publication Year
2017-01-13
Abstract
Rapid and simple analytical methods for viable microorganism detection in ballast water are required to evaluate the efficiency of ballast water treatment system. During the course of systematic investigation of the cytotoxicity and apoptosis assays, we found that the ATP and luminescence based cell viability assay, in other word, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) assay was the most sensitive and applicable to ballast water management. The assay was applied to cultured microalgal samples, and it could detect the existence of 5 viable cells in 100 μL. Comparably low luminescent values were detected in two cultured diatom species than in cultured dinoflagellates. This result might be caused by the small cell volume in diatom species. Following a regression model between ATP concentration and cell volume, an ATP guideline (876– 109,246 relative luminescence units: RLU) was developed for the evaluation of treated ballast water. ATP assay was also applied to the evaluation of ballast water treatment system. The luminescence value which obtained from the ATP assay also showed a good correlation with the presence of living natural plankton cells with comparably low luminescence values than the cultured species. The low ATP concentration in natural plankton cells may reflect a decline in their biological activity because of extended exposure to dark conditions. ATP assay could be a suitable method for the monitoring of bis assays, we found that the ATP and luminescence based cell viability assay, in other word, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) assay was the most sensitive and applicable to ballast water management. The assay was applied to cultured microalgal samples, and it could detect the existence of 5 viable cells in 100 μL. Comparably low luminescent values were detected in two cultured diatom species than in cultured dinoflagellates. This result might be caused by the small cell volume in diatom species. Following a regression model between ATP concentration and cell volume, an ATP guideline (876– 109,246 relative luminescence units: RLU) was developed for the evaluation of treated ballast water. ATP assay was also applied to the evaluation of ballast water treatment system. The luminescence value which obtained from the ATP assay also showed a good correlation with the presence of living natural plankton cells with comparably low luminescence values than the cultured species. The low ATP concentration in natural plankton cells may reflect a decline in their biological activity because of extended exposure to dark conditions. ATP assay could be a suitable method for the monitoring of b
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/24231
Bibliographic Citation
6th The Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology Ballast Water Conference, pp.1 - 3, 2017
Publisher
The
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
The
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine Genomics,Environmental Genomics,Novel biomaterials,해양생물유전체,생태환경유전체,바이오신소재

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