Qualitative Analysis of Additives in Plastic Marine Debris and Its New Products SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 76 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 83 time in Scopus
Title
Qualitative Analysis of Additives in Plastic Marine Debris and Its New Products
Author(s)
Rani, Manviri; Shim, Won Joon; Han, Gi Myung; Jang, Mi; Najat, Ahmed Al-odaini; Song, Young Kyong; Hong, Sang Hee
KIOST Author(s)
Shim, Won Joon(심원준)Han, Gi Myung(한기명)Jang, Mi(장미)Song, Young Kyoung(송영경)Hong, Sang Hee(홍상희)
Publication Year
2015-10
Abstract
Due to their formulation and/or processing, plastics contain additives and impurities that may leach out under conditions of use and accumulate in the environment. To evaluate their role as vectors of chemical contaminants in marine environment, plastic debris (n = 19) collected from coastal beaches along with new plastics (n = 25; same or same brand) bought from local markets were screened by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in full scan mode. Detected peaks were identified using NIST library in different polymers (polypropylene (PP) > polyethylene (PE) > PP + PE > polyethyl terephthalate > poly(acylene:styrene) with different use (food, fishery, and general use). A database on the presence of 231 different chemicals were grouped into hydrocarbons, ultra-violet (UV)-stabilizers, antioxidants, plasticizers, lubricants, intermediates, compounds for dyes and inks, flame retardants, etc. The UV326, UV327, UV328, UV320, UvinualMC80, irganox 1076, DEHP, antioxidant no 33, di-n-octylisophthalate, diisooctyl phthalate, hexanoic acid 2-ethyl-hexadecyl ester, and hydrocarbons were most frequently detected. Finding of toxic phthalates and UV stabilizers in those products having moisture contact (like bottles with short use) raised concern to humans and indicated their irregular use. The comparison between new and debris plastics clearly indicated the leaching and absorption of chemicals and supports our assumption of plastic as media for transferring these additives in marine environment.
ISSN
0090-4341
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/2404
DOI
10.1007/s00244-015-0224-x
Bibliographic Citation
ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY, v.69, no.3, pp.352 - 366, 2015
Publisher
SPRINGER
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SPRINGER
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Microplastic pollution,Persistent Organic Pollutants,Oil Pollution,미세플라스틱 오염,잔류성 유기오염물질,유류오염

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